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  • N° 41, 2013/3 – Varia | Politique européenne
    s opposition to the integration of healthcare By reviving a historical project of integration of healthcare and by analyzing it through the lenses of inter governmentalism a process considerably more sophisticated than it first looks this paper stresses that on the contrary government preferences are contextualized and therefore not immutable in this field as in others Huseyin Sevim The Europeanization of Candidate States The Case of the Turkish Administration This paper investigates the way in which the public administration in Turkey has modified its organization and modes of action under the influence of the European integration process The paper focuses on Turkish ministries in order to examine this impact at three levels inter organizational macro administrative scale intra organizational meso administrative scale and human resources micro administrative scale It highlights the impact of European integration processes on the modes of action of Turkish ministries so as to illustrate more concretely the effects of Europeanization on their ways of operating While the implementation of European integration processes has created new styles and modes of action within each administration it has also contributed to the emergence in the Turkish administrative sphere of shared governance in European policy Julie Bailleux Europe and Its Jurists The Legal Service of the European Executives and the Promotion of European Law as a New Branch of Law 1957 1964 The aim of this paper is to shed new light on the making of what is considered the birth of European law namely the landmark decisions by the European Court of Justice in the van Gend v Loos and Costa v ENEL cases in which the Court laid the basis of its constitutional doctrine Relying on archival sources the paper highlights both the part played by European political institutions in the creation and judicial validation of the theory

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n41-20133-varia/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 36, 2012/1 – The European Soccer Space. Institutional Dynamics and Social Constructions | Politique européenne
    structured social fields and which are contingent on the interests of groups and specific national stories are in confrontation John Marks UEFA the EU and Financial Fair Play On ne dépense pas plus d argent que l on n en génère This piece looks on the transformation that European football has undergone in recent times Whilst acknowledging the importance and validity of the what has been identified as a process of Europeanisation the piece argues that some thought needs to be given to a political economy of football particularly in the light of the current financial crisis The concept of Financial Fair Play provides a useful focus for a consideration of the way in which profound questions are now being posed both in football and in a wider context regarding the accumulation and distribution of various forms of capital Cornel Sandvoss Jeux sans frontières Europeanisation and the erosion of national categories in European club football competition Based on the study of secondary fan attachments among fans of the German Bundesliga team Bayer Leverkusen this paper explores articulations of Europeanness in contemporary football fandom Drawing om qualitative audience research with textually and enunciatively active fans and tracing the complex and hybrid identity formations among fans that are articulated through multiple transnational fan objects the paper argues that Europeanisation facilitates post national attachments within a European frame of changing horizons of experience Jean François Polo Political Stakes of Sport in Turkey A Path to the EU In Turkey sport has been continuously supported by the political authorities which try to promote the Turkish candidacy to the European Union through its capacity to organize sporting mega events its celebration of the Turkish sport victories or its use as an instrument of diplomacy But sport being a social practice which participates to the dynamics of identity building draws in Turkey tensions between us the Turks and them the Europeans which goes far beyond the sport fields and reveals the complex relationships of Turkey toward Europe which is reluctant to accept it in the EU Loïc Trégourès Serbian Football Fans and the EU Between Indifference and Rejection The incidents in margin of the Belgrade Gay Parade in October 2010 showed that a few hundreds of very well organized hooligans were able to challenge the Serbian state This parade as well as the independence of Kosovo are considered to be evidences of the degeneration of Serbian identity triggered off by Euro atlantic integration However if the majority of Serbian football fans seem to be against European integration the EU as such though is not the direct target of their political actions and revendications Andy Smith Europe Soccer and Political Sociology Concluding Remarks Varia Alistair Cole Romain Pasquier The impact of European integration on centre periphery relations A comparison France United Kingdom The core research question in this article is a straightforward one has EU regional policy interpreted as a form of Europeanisation produced policy change What explanatory variables might explain such change or resistance to change

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n36-20121-lespace-europeen-du-football-dynamiques-institutionnelles-et-constructions-sociales/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 37, 2012/2 – From a European Memory to the Europeanization of Memory | Politique européenne
    and the unfolding of a collective memory around these dates over a time span of six decades The article s preliminary findings show that the Treaties are increasingly becoming the focus of a ritual of remembrance that can offer an anchor for European memory That is the Treaties are regarded as a focal point of the past that informs the present and future of EU integration through the manner in which they play out in justifications of the policy process By contrast and surprisingly the Schuman Speech does not seem to be an important retrospective point of reference as yet even though it is part of the official set of symbols of the Union In general practices of commemoration have become more inclusive over time in addition to political elites they increasingly involve citizens as well It remains to be seen however whether the events positively resonate with citizens in the long run Camille Mazé Political Uses of Museums at the European Level Contributing to the Analysis of the Europeanization of Memory as a Category of Public Action This paper is based on the findings of a socio historical and ethnographic study conducted between 2004 and 2010 and focusing on the museums of Europe that have emerged in several West European countries since the late 1980s These museums which are devoted in an unprecedented way to the history and culture of Europe and that are built in part for identity purposes could be seen as agents of European consciousness Shore 2000 In these museums the idea of a European past is amply mobilized This process is considered crucial to establishing a European memory which is itself deemed necessary to building a European identity It is therefore necessary to examine how the museum as a tool is now exploited for making political use of the past beyond the nation state framework and to understand who decides to do so By analyzing the links between the museums of Europe and the political uses of the past emerging on a European and EU scale Gensburger 2008 Lavabre 2008 this paper sheds light on processes of the Europeanization of memory as a category of public action Laure Neumayer Overcoming Trianon The Transformations of Hungarian Nationalism From Nation Building Policy to the Protection of Minority Rights in the European Union Since the end of the Cold War major European organizations namely the European Union and the Council of Europe have changed their handling of history and implemented memory related policies that sought to answer numerous demands for the recognition of painful pasts This paper analyzes the logics of this Europeanization of memory by looking at the mobilizations of political actors who use the positions they occupy simultaneously in several social spaces in order to put memory conflicts on the EU s agenda The paper is based on a case study of the 2001 law on the status of Hungarians living in neighboring countries and its recent developments which illustrates how a bilateral dispute can be

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n37-20122-dune-memoire-europeenne-a-leuropeanisation-de-la-memoire/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 38, 2012/3 – Attitudes toward the European Union in the New Member States | Politique européenne
    2004 wave of accessions we analyze economic support for the EU in the eight East and Central European countries that joined European institutions on this occasion Although our hypothesis is not confirmed in the case of inflation and growth we find that unemployment did not affect EU support before accession and that it considerably altered this support after 2004 eventually confirming the ruling position of the EU Ramona Coman New Member States and Old Misunderstandings concerning European Integration This paper examines the discourse of the European Union EU among political elites in Slovenia the Czech Republic Hungary and Poland as their governments were holding the rotating presidency of the EU It analyzes how the core issues of European integration are discussed in the new Member States and focuses more particularly on the normative content of the elite s vision for the EU The analysis uncovers a clash between two main discourses a traditional national civic discourse sustained by the Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban and the president of the Czech Republic Vaclav Klaus and a new republican federalist discourse animated by the Polish prime minister Donald Tusk in the context of the Polish rotating presidency Andrea Schlenker Support for the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe before and after Accession Comparing Different Reasons This article analyses the importance of different attitudinal sources of generalized support for the European Union in eight member states in Central and Eastern Europe before and after accession Instrumental calculations normative evaluations as well as expressive feelings are key explanatory factors The results of multiple regression analyses using Eurobarometer data from 2003 to 2006 reveal that the importance of instrumental reasons as predictors for generalized support decreases after accession while the explanatory power of normative and expressive considerations is constant The importance of norms and feelings should thus not be underestimated in the new member states Varia Frank R Baumgartner Martial Foucault Abel François Public Budgeting in the EU Commission A Test of the Punctuated Equilibrium Thesis We test a punctuated equilibrium model of budgeting in the context of the European Union Compared either to the US or to the national systems of its member states we know little about the impact of the institutional design of the EU on its internal budgeting processes For one we do not know whether the heterogeneous preferences of each member state are likely to create friction or venue shopping towards the EU Commission This paper first describes European budgeting processes since the inception of the EU taking into consideration the enlargement process In a second section we present European budgeting data to test models of friction incrementalism and punctuated equilibrium drawing from a developing literature with US and European applications The findings make clear that EU budgeting processes correspond to a punctuated equilibrium model of budgetary choice as previous studies have recently shown for the US and many European member states Amandine Crespy Explaining Political Parties Impotence in EU Policy Making Social Democracy and the Regulation of Public

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n38-20123-les-attitudes-a-legard-de-lunion-europeenne-dans-les-nouveaux-etats-membres/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 33, 2011/1 – European Integration and the Environment: The Case of France | Politique européenne
    European requirements for AEM evaluation have been progressively tightened We analyse this change as an institutional transfer First we consider its social and political processes then its impact on the domestic debate and on the policies related to agri environmental issues Finally we examine the democratic legitimacy of this impact Charlotte Halpern The EU as a Source of Instrumental Innovation Logics of Instrumentation in French Environmental Policy 1971 2006 Challenging the existing literature this article questions the role of the EU in the development of the French environmental policy Drawing on an original dataset it examines the evolution of French environmental policy instruments over the past three decades 1971 2006 and considers how and by whom they were chosen and combined This approach suggests that the role of the EU as a source for instrumental innovation remains marginal This result contributes to current debates on policy change in the French environmental policy domain and to the understanding of processes of Europeanization in domestic policies Yannick Rumpala From the Objective of Sustainable Development to the Governmentalization of Change Expressions and Effects of a Renewed Institutional Concern in France and the European Union The objective of sustainable development contains a form of transformative ambition that faced with the global risks it highlights has tended to change the status of collective purpose that would need to be taken on and be accompanied by appropriate institutions Based on government activities that have begun to implement this goal this paper aims to analyze how rationales instruments and procedural arrangements are being assembled and are helping to make the management of change a renewed challenge in the institutional sphere To understand its logics and orientations this process of governmentalization of change is studied based on the initiatives of public authorities in France and the European Union examining this interpretation of change as a problem in terms of the range of programmatic and instrumental by products that take the form of documents labeled as strategies and the procedural foundations that are beginning to provide support Joseph Szarka Climate policy in France between national interest and global solidarity This article investigates the evolving relationships between national interests and the global solidarity principles emerging from the 1992 UNFCCC It argues that France developed a distinctive climate policy template which allowed modest but significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions However faced with heightened climate challenges policy elites in the 2000s hesitated between focusing on long standing national interests and rescuing the policy template or responding to global solidarity principles and substantially revising it The article concludes that ambitious policy measures were proposed but not implemented due to the persistence of a construal of national interest in terms of short term economic competitiveness but also because of the underdevelopment of the international climate regime between the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and the 2009 Copenhagen Accord Jean Noël Jouzel Pierre Lascoumes The REACH Regulation as a European Policy for the Uncertain The Building of an Indirect Policy Making Process for Chemical Hazards Over

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-33-20111-european-integration-and-the-environment-the-case-of-france/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 34, 2011/2 – Promoting Europe in Stages | Politique européenne
    and survival The study of enunciative situations shows the difficulties in producing the standards of a legitimate but non institutional speech about Europe Philippe Aldrin Nicolas Hubé Becoming Europe s Ambassadors A Political Analysis of the First Pan European Deliberative Poll Experiment A Political Reading of the First Experience of European Deliberative Democracy The first pan European deliberative poll Tomorrow s Europe took place within in the European Parliament s building in Brussels in October 2007 Using local observations the authors propose to analyze the various representations of the Entrepreneurs for Europe who imagined and organized this European public space in miniature For three days they watched how four hundred people from the twenty seven EU Member States talked about the future of Europe within a scientifically proven framework Beyond the intellectual and political debate on the artificialness or non representativeness of this incarnation of European citizenship the authors are primarily interested in the representations of institutions here EU institutions think tanks and other partners in European public affairs on people s perceptions of Europe The authors use scientific theories and methods primarily from political science the prescribed protocol for the deliberation and the communication and media strategies of Tomorrow s Europe presenting Europhile multiculturalism as a way of building a European public sphere The experiment can be likened to an experience of a new policy instrument capable of constructing a European civil society and make its views predictable Stéphanie Wojcik Participatory Deliberation and Then The European Citizen Consultation Experiment in 2009 This paper outlines the political issues raised by the 2009 European Citizen Consultations ECC for European Communication Under the aegis of the European Commission various types of Entrepreneurs for Europe associations businesses think tanks and NGOs were involved in designing and organizing the ECC This process involved national and face to face consultations based on the mini public principle and Web based deliberation platforms in each of the 27 member countries Citizens were invited to produce recommendations on the economic and social future of Europe intended for MEPs before the European elections of June 2009 The analysis of this experience highlights the binding nature of the political architecture of the EU as it relates to the implementation of deliberative democracy at the European level which leads to the blurring of boundaries between public communication and participatory deliberation in generating support for the EU It also shows the shortcomings of European communication the importance of mediators whose actions may be contradictory in practice and the unexpected behavior of citizens when taking part in the various phases of the ECC who were sometimes reluctant to express their opinions within the framework defined by the Entrepreneurs who sought to educate them on the virtues of Europe as much as to reveal the ephemeral and fragile development of their sense of European belonging Dorota Dakowska Toward a Politicization of the European Public Debate The Institutionalization of European Political Foundations The creation of political foundations at the EU level made possible thanks to

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-34-20112-promoting-europe-in-stages/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 35, 2011/3 – Presiding over the European Union. Presidency of the European Council and System of Government | Politique européenne
    it sets in motion is an intervening variable for the development of co operative rather than conflictive inter institutional dynamics Yann Sven Rittelmeyer The Institutionalization of the European Council s Presidency Institutional Dependence and Franco German Inflections Following its pragmatic emergence in the EU political landscape the Presidency of the European Council was the most visible part of the rotating Presidency until the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty An in depth analysis of this function shows its long dependency on the half year exercise The Institutionalization of the Presidency of the European Council was primarily marked by two periods of inflection during which the behaviours of the actors especially French and German leaders have tailored a presidential role dissociated from the rotating presidency The emergence of this supranational role has led to heightened tensions over questions of identity due to its exercise by national leaders Moreover the secondary nature of its legal formalization as regards reflections and codifications by the actors themselves is clearly underlined by this institutional construction Yves Buchet de Neuilly Under the Hold of the EU Presidency Diplomats Structural Moves Reconstruction of Interests and Strategies Structural Shifts and Building Diplomatic Strategies and Interests within the Council Although access to the EU presidency is usually seen as an opportunity for Member States to put forward their own agenda we cannot understand the effects of the EU presidency within such a state centric homogenizing approach which naturalizes a state s interests The resources offered by this status as well as the constraints it imposes change the relative position of Member State representatives as well as their options expectations and strategies The impact of this structural move is not the same for all representatives of a single Member State here France in 2008 The varying degrees of investment in the role of the presidency depends primarily on the balance of power and the dynamics and institutions in each field of EU public policy Véronique Charléty How to Prepare for the EU Presidency National Strategy and Transfer of Practices Even after the Lisbon Treaty the rotating Presidency of the Council is still considered as a political opportunity to be seized by member states as a tool to prove their level of European integration in terms of administrative capacity and efficiency As a result the member state concerned by this exercise often makes a demonstrative effort at both national and international levels With a view to better preparing for Presidency member states often choose to implement targeted training programs and sometimes a 3 months to one year intensive training program The main objective of these programs is usually to strengthen the administrative capacity of the officials in charge of European affairs by transferring know how and good practices Another overall purpose of these programs is to bring to the foreground a common administrative culture The complexity of the missions incumbent upon the member state exercising the presidency justifies this effort in training and transfer of expertise It also makes the

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-35-20113-presiding-over-the-european-union-presidency-of-the-european-council-and-system-of-government/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 30, 2010/1 – The European Identity: Between Political Science and Science Fiction | Politique européenne
    notably by the fact that national framing of the integration process tends to drown it in globalization The constraining dissensus dreaded by European Studies scholars concerns only the more educated and above all the more politicized of the participants The magnifying glass that this qualitative approach provides us thus does not allow us to better observe the emergence of European identity On the contrary it leads us to emphasize the diversity of the appropriation or reaction processes to European integration as well as the lack of autonomy of the European level in relation to the national and global levels in the representations of citizens Pierre Edouard Weill UEFA Rather Than EU Dis Enchantment and Identification with Europe among Young Working Class People of Immigrant Origin Being both remote and not thoroughly thought out identification with Europe among young French people of immigrant origin in lower socioeconomic groups is conducive to ambivalence swaying between enchantment and disenchantment Our qualitative approach allows us to analyze narratives of a sense of belonging to Europe based on social experiences at the fringes of the political realm which often draws on affect For young French people of migrant origin identification with a European political community is often linked to subscribing to a set of humanistic values for which football is the main vehicle A degree of disenchantment is expressed when interviewees perceive religious beliefs whether their own or those of their peers as ostracized because of their incompatibility with dominant values However the possibility of re enchantment suggests a combination of national and European identification rather than to a clash of cultures Katharine Throssell One thing leads to another European and national identities in french school children This article aims to contribute to the theoretical understanding of European identity in drawing on material from an original in depth qualitative study on the learning of the nation by young children in France It suggests firstly that there seems to be a form of European identity that is operating for these children but that it is very different to their French national identity European identity proceeds from a self identification of the children as Europeans and not with Europe For them it is thus a personal identity which does not refer to a collective and which feeds on knowledge rather than experience and imagination The European identity of these children born in an already integrated Europe seems to be a continuation of their nationality they are European because they are French The fact that these identities appear to differ in both nature and function contributes to their lack of antagonism Géraldine Bozec Europe on the Blackboard How Do French Elementary School Teachers Teach the European Union Today This paper presents an analysis of how French elementary schoolteachers teach Europe today It shows that the school curriculum does not emphasize the EU as a political community but rather as a collection of countries without specific meaning The curriculum emphasizes the prevalence of the national framework in the orientations

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-30-20101-the-european-identity-between-political-science-and-fiction/ (2016-04-30)
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