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  • N° 6, 2002/2 – Political Parties in the UK and European Integration | Politique européenne
    are also exceptionally ill informed about the European Union and Europe has never been a domestic vote winner for UK parties Nevertheless the electorate is shown to display a deeply ambivalent attitude on the issue of the EU and this leads to a certain softness in their attitudes on European matters It is suggested that hard headed calculations can be made by many sceptical British citizens and that while the British may not particularly admire European institutions and practices they grudgingly regard the EU as the best option for maintaining UK employment growth and living standards The final question is whether a new elite consensus on the desirability of further European integration which can command substantial popular support will become established in the UK or whether the balance will swing towards elites favouring a looser association between sovereign European nations if they favour one at all John Crowley The United Kingdom the Commonwealth and Europe Agnès Alexandre Collier The Euroskeptic Phenomenon in the British Conservative Party Pascal Delwit The Labour Party and the European Communities 1979 1992 From Autarchy to Openness David Baker Andrew Gamble Nick Randall David Seawright Cast from the same pro european mould The attitudes of labour members of the house of Commons Scottish parliament and Welsh assembly towards Europe By pragmatically but positively engaging with European integration and by devolving power to new institutions in Scotland Wales and Northern Ireland the New Labour government elected in 1997 has firmly established the conditions for a system of multilevel governance in the UK Using survey data collected among Labour Members of Parliament Members of the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly this article explores whether these institutional developments have also been accompanied by the emergence of ideological divergences in the attitudes of Labour s elected representatives in Westminster

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-6-20022-political-parties-in-the-uk-and-european-integration/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 7, 2002/3 – Interest Groups and the European Union | Politique européenne
    of interest representation It is argued that the transference of representational activities to the European level by associations is but one among many possible outcomes of the changes associated with processes of European integration This argument implies that national alliances and partnerships most likely remain important for business associations when representing their members interests Domestic institutions then will largely structure the way in which business associations can reorganise and adjust their representational strategies to a policy process increasingly taking place in a multi level European system David Coen Charles Dannreuther When size matters Europeanisation of large and SME business government relations This paper compares the Europeanisation of large and small business representation While approaches to European integration have focused on the way that European society has related to the European level in the process of polity building the study of Europeanisation provides differing insights through the analysis of policy making This distinction allows the paper to identify the development of specific incentives and norms that have influenced the lobbying environment at the European level By distinguishing between top down and bottom up business representation the paper identifies the competing influences on business interest interaction at the national and European levels and allows for the comparison of how these have influenced the experience of large and small businesses The paper concludes that the process of business interest Europeanisation has taken on a very distinct logic at the European level with the development of fora under an activist Commission but that SME and large firms have reacted to these opportunities in diverse ways Finally the paper warns that while it may be that the EU is uniquely open and accessible for those with clearly defined interests those that lack the organisational resources to match the stringent requirements for interest articulation may find

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-7-20023-interest-groups-and-the-european-union/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 8, 2002/4 – Europe and Defense: Institutionalization and Europeanization | Politique européenne
    EU Member States decided that the EU should be able to assume its responsibilities for the full range of conflict prevention and crisis management tasks required to deal with crises such as the Balkan crisis They are currently looking at the degree of the autonomous capacity of the EU to take decisions and where NATO as a whole is not engaged to conduct EU led military operations in response to international crises This paper argues that France and the United Kingdom reached a more than Lowest Common Denominator LCD agreements when they negotiated the creation of the CESDP they changed their initial positions and the UK changed its preference These EU Member States were mainly motivated by the way the United States dealt with the Balkans crises They were then constrained in their action by the US and the EU s institutions Realism the conventional theory which is expected to explain high politics decision making processes does not seem appropriate here to explain the change in the British and French position the security community concept and historical institutionalism might be more useful here This paper is divided into two main parts The first one analyses the creation and substance of the CESDP while the second one focuses on the evolution of the French and British change in position and looks at the possible explanations for this Jolyon Howorth The CESDP and the gorging of a european security culture The forging pf a ge io e Eirp ê a Secirotu a d Defence Policy ESDP will require the parallel construction of the basic elements of a European security culture For the foreseeable future this will be limited to situation assessment approaches to problemsolving and policy makin and strategic objectives However it must involve the gradual reduction of the divergent patterns which

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-8-20024-europe-and-defense-institutionalization-and-europeanization/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 2, 2001/1 – European Construction and Social Policies | Politique européenne
    A scandinavian perspective This article reviews four approaches to europeanisation the study of Brussels activities the study of Brussels interventions the analysis of structural imbalance and the study of national political economic adaptations In the Scandinavian Welfare States there are only a few clear signs of europeanisation The most likely process of europeanisation in the Scandinavian welfare regimes is the growth of private supply of social insurance relative to the public sector Invited Article Beate Kohler Koch Fabrice Larat Disseminating the Community Model of Governance as a Process of Adoption and Adaptation Young Researchers Elisa Roller The europeanisation of sub national politics institutional change in Andalucía and Catalonia In considering the impact of the process of European integration upon the structure of the state it is important to consider that this impact may have had uneven consequences within the state itself This is particularly important in cases where the structure of the domestic political system includes a highly asymmetrical system of sub national authorities with varying degrees of self government The equation is complicated even more by the presence of nationalist movements influencing the national and sub national policy making processes In encompassing the theme of how states are adapting to the process of European integration this study seeks to analyse how institutions at the sub national level are adjusting to the Europeanisation of the policy making process by comparing two Spanish autonomous communities Andaluc í a and Catalonia From a policy perspective analyzing each region s position within the Spanish State of Autonomies is crucial in understanding the effects the process of European integration has had on their institutional capacity More importantly the inherent ambiguity of the 1978 Spanish Constitution and the unfinished devolution process begun with the Statutes of Autonomy have resulted in a complex policy making process

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-2-20011-european-construction-and-social-policies/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 3, 2001/2 – The Expansion of the European Union. Or the Construction of a Problematized Political Object | Politique européenne
    policy towards the CEECs is a composite policy a crucial mediating factor are the policy paradigms that underpin EU policy in the various sub areas covered by its policy towards the CEECs Cécile Robert The European Union Faced with Its Expansion to the East Political Uncertainties and the Construction of an Administrative Leadership Nieves Pérez Solorzano Borragan Organised interest in central and eastern Europe Towards gradual europeanisation Recent research on the impact of the EU s Eastward Enlargement in the domestic politics of Central and Eas t ern Europe has focused on institutional and economic restructuring adoption of the acquis communautaire and party politics with little attention to the implications for civil society dynamics and the development of organised interest representation The aim of this article is to contribute to the current debate among academics and pract i tioners alike by offering a non fragmented domestic and transnational approach to the study of interest politics in the new democracies through the study of the increasingly Europeanising activity undertaken by interest groups Antoine Roger Prospects for Integration into the European Union and the Formation of Party Systems in the Countries of Eastern Europe Gilles Bertrand The Admission of Cyprus into the European Union Resolving the Conflict from the Bottom Up Varia Georg Menz The domestic determinants of national response strategies to EU induced liberalization examining the regulation of wages for posted workers in Austria and Germany This article analyzes and compares the German and Austrian national response strategies to the liberalization of service provision in the European Union This liberalization brought about by efforts to create a Single Market has enabled the transnational provision of services without initially clarifying the wage and labor co n ditions applicable to workers posted to other member states The national legislative re regulatory measures or

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-3-20012-the-expansion-of-the-european-union-or-the-construction-of-a-problematized-political-object/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N° 4, 2001/3 – Mobilizations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe | Politique européenne
    Delia Porta Social movements and new challenges to représentative democracy A perspective from Italy In the Fall of 1999 in Oltrarno the heart of the historical cerner of Florence a small group of citizens collect 1000 signatures in a p é tition that attacks the timidity of the center left local government in facing growing po l lution The p é tition pr é sents a long s é ries of sp é cifie demands to reduce the number of polluting cars increase the repression of the violations of the traffic rules Julien Weisbein The Militant and the Expert Civic Associations Faced with the European Political System Richard Balme Didier Chabanet European Social Dialogue and Transformations in Collective Negotiations John Loughlin The transformation of the state and the new territoral politics in western Europe This comparative survey of the historical institutional and policy aspects of regional construction in Brittany and Languedoc Roussillon illustrates the paradigm shift in the nature and functions of the state and the eme r gence of a new kind of territorial politics outline in the first part of this paper Paradoxically the twin evol u tions of the state and the European community have produced radically different results in the two regions Du r ing the Trente Glorieuses both Brittany and Languedoc Roussillon underwent significant transformation s o cially and economically Brittany managed to transform itself through the adoption of intensive farming the a r rival of large industry and the scaling down of its traditional sector Languedoc Roussillon was also tran s formed by the same forces but went from mass wine production through an economic crisis and into more cu s tomised production of quality wine The region within the nation state framework even if its boundaries are contested was a positive one for

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n-4-20013-mobilizations-and-sociopolitical-cleavages-in-europe/ (2016-04-30)
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  • N°1 2000/1 – Political Science Research and the European Union | Politique européenne
    people get to know each other and find themselves in situations where their coop é ration produce individual and collective benefits the less and less likely they are to be hostile to each other Moreover as European political coop é ration has increased it has presentedfirms and ordinary people with the opportunity to expand interaction with each other This increased social and é conomie interaction then effects how citizens and firms think ofwho they are and what their interests are While one of the strengths ofthe EU is its extensiveness particularly in the economy it is also socially very thin It is this lack of awareness and contact between most people and the high level of interdependency of European é conomie and political life thatform the crux ofthe situation of Europe today William Genieys Andy Smith Ideas and European Integration The Great Transformation of Winegrowing in the South of France Renaud Dehousse Europe as Seen through the Law A Plea for a Contextual Approach Richard Robyn A methodological approach to the question of national identity in Europe The construction ofthe European Union EU mises fondamental questions about the ability ofpeople to acquire voluntarily newforms of identity with new political institutions The dilemmafor social scientists is how to address an issue namely identity that is notoriously difficult to pin down The aim of this paper is to introduce a particularly powerful subjective methodology to social science in Europe that could be especially apt in this endeavor Q methodology while having a valued place in fields as disparate as political science mass communications and health care among others has never been used to study national identity in the context of the European Union The paper will pre sent a brief description ofQas a pr é lude to a more detailed discussion ofhow

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/n1-20001-political-science-research-and-the-european-union/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Politique européenne | Politique européenne is a bilingual (French/English) journal, which publishes original articles covering the entire field of European Studies
    Les valeurs dans la gouvernance européenne occurrences effets et modes de régulation sous la direction de François Foret et Annabelle Littoz Monnet N 45 2014 3 Read more L exportation des normes au delà de l Union européenne sous la direction d Elsa Tulmets N 46 2014 4 Read more Crise crises et crisologie européenne sous la direction d Antoine Mégie et d Antoine Vauchez N 44 2014 2 Read more Opposés dans la diversité Les usages de l opposition à l Europe en France sous la direction de Christophe Bouillaud et Emmanuelle Reungoat N 43 2014 1 Read more Les politiques économiques européennes face à la Grande Récession sous la direction de Martial Foucault N 42 2013 4 Read more L Union européenne et le nouvel équilibre des puissances sous la direction d Antoine Mégie et de Frédéric Mérand N 39 2013 1 Read more Les politiques militaires en Europe Hommage à Bastien Irondelle Voir le compte rendu de la conférence de présentation du n 48 de la revue sur les politiques militaires en Europe qui rend un hommage scientifique à Bastien Irondelle See more Faut il continuer à étudier l Union européenne Sous la direction d Olivier Rozenberg

    Original URL path: http://politique-europeenne.eu/fr/ (2016-04-30)
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