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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics in Croatia
    competitions for primary and secondary school children For more than 50 years the mathematical competitions are held on city regional and state level Croatia participates at International Mathematical Olympiads http web math hr mfl mmo htm http www matematika hr olimpijada http www imo official com and also since 2007 that is from the beginning at the Middle European Mathematical Olympiad International Competitions look for Middle European Mathematical Olympiad at Google http www google com There are also student mathematical competitions and occasional Tournaments of cities Since 2003 Festivals of Science http www festivalznanosti hr 2010 index php are held in various cities in Croatia and the list is expanding In 2010 it was held in the capital city Zagreb and in Lošinj Osijek Rijeka Split Starigrad and Zadar Among other sciences mathematics is always present at these festivals in Rijeka by various activities of the Golden Section Club and in Zagreb chiefly by workshops by Franka Miriam Brueckler and in Osijek by Ljerka Jukić and some other assistants at the Department of Mathematics Local organizers each year also encourage and find local mathematicians to present many popular mathematics themes in lectures and workshops Pictures from Festivals of Science in Zagreb This year 2010 for the first time a Croatian team joined the European Researchers Night http www znanost com clanak noc istrazivaca odrzana u pet hrvatskih gradova and mathematics was also be presented at the manifestation It was be held in five Croatian cities Zagreb Lepoglava Korenica Starigrad Paklenica and Rab on September 24th 2010 Occasionaly popular mathematics books are published by the CMS a series of popular mathematics books since 1998 called Matkina biblioteka so far about twenty popular books were published in this series Školska knjiga http www skolskaknjiga hr hrv and Element http element hr Regional popularisation activities In Zagreb regular 4 6 times per semester popular mathematics lectures under the title CoolMath are organized since 2007 by Franka Miriam Brueckler and held at the Fifth Gymnasium in Zagreb They are announced via the webpage MiddleMath that is run by the same person as a part of the activity in her project Mathematical foundations of the natural and social sciences She also regularly publishes articles on history of mathematics in the journal Osjecki matematicki list and has a regular column on mathematical magic tricks in Matka In springtime the annual University Fair in Zegreb is held and the presentation of the Dept of Mathematics since 1998 has a strong emphasis on popularisation of mathematics via various interactive mathematical presentations the presentations are organized by F M Brueckler earlier in collaboration with Mea Bombardelli Pictures from Zagreb University Fairs In Rijeka the Golden Section Club http www zlatnirez hr is devoted to popularization of science in general particularly mathematics and physics They are involved and organize many projects and activities Science day popular science radio broadcasts BALTAZAR on Radio Rijeka mathematical topics presented at Festivals of science various workshops in the Rijeka region A book on the

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/hr/pocetna-stranica/46-information/math-in-europe/103-mathematics-in-croatia (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics in France
    Industrielles SMAI smai emath fr lang fr Research institutions Centre International de Rencontres Mathématiques CIRM www cirm univ mrs fr Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques IHÉS www ihes fr Institut Henri Poincaré Centre Émile Borel www ihp jussieu fr Exhibitions Salon Culture et Jeux Mathematiques http www cijm org Mathematiques d aujourd hui http smf emath fr content exposition mathematiques daujourdhui For a larger list of mathematical exhbitions see http smf emath fr content maths et travaux expositions sur le theme des mathematiques Popular web pages Images des Mathématiques http images math cnrs fr CultureMATH http www math ens fr culturemath Page Grand Public de la SMF http smf emath fr content grand public CIJM http www cijm org La bibliotheque des mathematiques http www bibmath net Maths et Travaux http smf emath fr content maths et travaux Recueil de problemes de momes net http www momes net education problemes problemes html Carre d as devinettes mathematiques http carredas free fr aMATHeur http www amatheur net maj html Raising public awareness journals Brochure Zoom sur les metiers des mathematiques http smf emath fr content zoom sur les metiers des mathematiques Brochure L Explosion des mathematiques http smf emath fr Publications

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics in Italy
    mat unimi it Matematica trasparente superfici minime e bolle di sapone Transparent mathematics minimal surfaces and soap bubbles http bolle science unitn it matemilano mathematical paths in the town http matemilano mat unimi it matetrentino mathematical paths in Trento and surrounding http matematita science unitn it matetrentino Un tuffo nella quarta dimensione Diving in 4 th dimension http www matematita it materiale index php p cat sc 919 Uguali Diversi Equal Different http www matematita it materiale index php p cat sc 1014 Besides these ones there have been in Italy other exhibitions about mathematics especially in the last few years mainly these were related to some local events and had just a temporary character Sometimes it happens these activities gave rise to a permanent structure Just to give one example we quote Giocare con le costruzioni la matematica che esiste Playing with constructions mathematics which exists an exhibition of mathematical objects in the maths department of the University of Perugia http www dmi unipg it iniziative mostre We don t give here a list which would be long and could never be complete rather we add two references not so recent but still valuable for anybody willing to know more about the development of mathematics exhibitions in Italy inside and outside science museums in particular you find here also informations about exhibitions like L occhio di Horus hystorically significant but not quoted here because no more available S Di Sieno Matematica al museo Mathematics in museums in Bollettino dell Unione Matematica Italiana A ser 8 vol 6 A 2003 pag 85 103 available online at the adress http www quadernoaquadretti it scuola riflessioni museo pdf S Di Sieno Mostre di matematica soltanto una nuova moda o una strategia interessante Mathematics exhibitions only a new fashion or an interesting strategy in Bollettino dell Unione Matematica Italiana A ser 8 vol 5 A 2002 pag 491 514 available online at the adress http www quadernoaquadretti it scuola riflessioni mostre pdf Popular web pages We prefer to give here a short list and to point out websites which maybe just for a specific reason highlighted in the comment can be particularly interesting either for mathematicians working in rpa activities or for laymen curious about maths The list is obviously and unavoidably incomplete http ulisse sissa it The website of SISSA InternationalSchool for Advanced Studies for general scientific information http ulisse sissa it controluce Inside the Ulisse website this is a page regarding scientific images divided in 3 main groups looking describing and thinking each one further divided in 3 subgroups looking near looking far looking inside describing objects describing places describing changes thinking elements thinking relations thinking spaces Mathematics is mainly in the subgroup thinking spaces http www matematita it materiale index php Inside the website of the Centre matematita this is a page with a large collection of Images for mathematics including some animations some further information for the layman some examples of paths using images for teaching and or communicating

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics in Turkey
    It has 818 members from all over the country Turkish Mathematical Society has been a full member of the International Mathematical Union since 1960 Also Turkish Mathematical Society has been a member of European Mathematical Society since 2008 The Society is located in Istanbul and has also a branch in Ankara http www tmd org tr The Association of Mathematicians was founded in 1995 and is located in Ankara Those who are part as student or faculty at some university Mathematics Mathematics Engineering Mathematics Education Departments can apply for membership cf link in Turkish http www matder org tr Mathematics Foundation publishes mathematics teaching books organizes the yearly Cahit Arf Lectures and gives every year the Masatoshi Gündüz İkeda Research award cf link in Turkish http www matematikvakfi org tr Research institutions The Istanbul Center for Mathematical Sciences http www imbm org tr The Boğaziçi University TÜBİTAK Feza Gürsey Institute http www gursey gov tr http www3 iam metu edu tr iam index php Main Page Institute for Applied Mathematics METU http www3 iam metu edu tr Other regular research and education activities Antalya Algebra Days http www aad metu edu tr Gökova Geometry Topology Conference http gokovagt org Nesin Mathematics Village http matematikkoyu org en node Activities web pages http www turkmath org beta index php Exhibitions Popular web pages http www matematiktutkusu com Raising public awareness journals Matematik Dünyası the World of Mathematics MD is a quarterly journal aiming to convey abstract mathematics to young people Although its focus is high school and university students thanks to the universality of mathematics it has reached a larger scope of readers The journal is owned by the Turkish Mathematics Society and is run by professional mathematicians http www matematikdunyasi org Raising public awareness journalists İsmet Berkan Ova e mail adresa

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Početna stranica
    have David Hilbert Opširnije The quotation of the day Historical reminder Detalji Kategorija General On November 18 1844 Albert Wangerin was born in Greifenberg Germany His work deals primarily with potential theory and the theory of conics In addition he was a publisher of the Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik 1869 1924 Wangerin died on October 25 1933 in Halle Germany More information can be found here The popular

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/hr/pocetna-stranica?id=122 (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - How to write mathematical English
    a restrictive defining phrase The phrase such that is generally used in definitions as a restrictive defining element Therefore it is not set off by commas Let S denote set of all x in X such that x is irrational Choose x in G such that x also belongs to the subgroup H See such that vs so that below for a usage problem 2 The Subjunctive Mood in English The subjunctive mood used to express among other things a wish requirement or possibility is used less in English than in such Eurpoean languages as French German Italian and Russian Nonetheless there are several common uses of the subjunctive in mathematical writing of which one should be aware Most sentences expressing a requirement employ the subjunctive We require that the exponent be a nonnegative integer It is necessary that the exponent be a nonnegative integer We insist that the exponent be a nonnegative integer Note however that the subjunctive is not generally used with such words as assume and suppose We assume that the exponent is a nonnegative integer We hypothesize that the exponent is a nonnegative integer Since it is used to express something counterfactual the subjunctive often appears in proofs by contradiction Suppose x were not an element of Z Then x would not commute with some element z and we would have xz neq zx a contradiction It is often desirable to avoid the complexities of the subjunctive In English the preceding sentences may be correctly cast in the indicative mood Suppose x is not an element of Z Then x does not commute with some element z and we have xz neq zx a contradiction 3 Dangling Modifiers A common error is the so called dangling modifier a word or phrase associated by its placement with a word other than one it is intended to modify or with no such word at all Incorrect On stepping into the street the bus ran over the pedestrian In this example it seems to be the bus that stepped into the street The problem is usually solved by placing the word to be modified in this case pedestrian near the phrase that modifies it On stepping into the street the pedestrian was run over by a bus Here is a mathematical example Incorrect Summing over all elements of H the result is zero Here summing refers to the person doing the summing not to the result correct After summing over all elements of H we find that the result is zero Here are a few more examples After proving the following theorem it will be clear that After proving the following theorem we shall see that or After we have proved the following theorem it will be clear that Even if f n is initially a signed distance function f n 1 will generally not be a signed distance function after solving the linear system Here solving is the dangling modifier Even if f n is initially a signed distance function f n 1 will generally not be a signed distance function after the linear system has been solved or Even if f n is initially a signed distance function f n 1 will generally not be a signed distance function after we have solved the linear system 4 Parallel Structure For clarity similar items in a sentence are given the same form Examples with either or Use the same structure after or as was used after either We need to prove either that p is prime or that p is divisible by 4 incorrect We need to prove either that p is prime or p is divisible by 4 We have seen that either the group is abelian or it is simple We have seen that the group is either abelian or simple incorrect We have seen that either the group is abelian or is simple The same principle applies with both and We must prove both that the group is abelian and that it is not cyclic incorrect We must prove both that the group is abelian and is not cyclic Parallel structures are also used with constructions such as greater than and as well as incorrect Its total run time may be greater than the Dostoevsky algorithm Its total run time may be greater than the run time of the Dostoevsky algorithm Its total run time may be greater than that of the Dostoevsky algorithm incorrect We must be able to handle this case as well as maintaining the sparsity of the original matrix correct We must be able to handle this case as well as maintain the sparsity of the original matrix correct We must be able to handle this case as well as to maintain the sparsity of the original matrix III Usage The following usages often cause trouble for nonnative speakers writing mathematics in English 1 Present Perfect or Simple Past In contrast to some languages in which the verb form she has lived or we have proved can represent an action completed in the past gestern haben wir bewiesen hier nous avons démontré ieri abbiamo dimostrato in English this form expresses completed action in the present If a reference to a definite past time appears in a sentence or is even implied then generally the simple past must be used simple past In last week s seminar we proved the prime number theorem Although a jurist by profession Fermat was a brilliant mathematician Research on this topic was conducted for many years But it is no longer a topic of interest In earlier chapters we considered only positive numbers present perfect Since x is nonzero we have proved the following theorem Thus far in this chapter we have considered only positive numbers Research on this topic has been conducted for many years And continues to be conducted 2 Negating Adjectives The prefix non is generally used to form a negative of an adjective nonabelian nonzero nonintegrable Certain words do not follow this

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  • Mathematics In Europe - "a" or "an"?
    nonmathematical discourse you have to be particularly alert in your mathematical writing The reason for this is that the choice between a and an depends not on the way that something is written but on how it is pronounced Fans of popular music may recall the appearance of Country Joe McDonald at the legendary Woodstock Festival Gimme an F Gimme a U Which is completely counterintutive Even though F is a consonant the name of the letter is pronounced eff which begins with a vowel In the case of U the situation is reversed The pronunciation is you which begins with the consonant Y and that is why one says a U And of course in mathematical discourse individual letters are encountered in quantity Thus one says and writes an M ideal an NP hard problem an Hp space a U test a Y flow and keep in mind that in English the letter Y is pronounced wye not vie as it might be in some other languages And then there is the question of words that begin with the letter H In hour the H is silent whereas in history it is pronounced Therefore one writes an hour but a history lesson There are some people who say or write an historic occasion an horrific event or an hotel This however reflects a pronunciation that was common in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries but has since died out Therefore since the H is in fact pronounced in those three words one should write and say a historic occasion a horrific event and a hotel And there is one more bit of ambiguity the British pronounce the H in herb while the Americans do not Finally one has to know how the Greek letters are pronounced since they appear frequently

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Help: Croatian -> English
    set skup sigma field sigma algebra u teoriji mjere space e g vector space prostor npr vektorski prostor sphere sfera kuglina ploha square kvadrat subset podskup surface ploha usp area triangle trokut uncountable neprebrojiv uniformly continuous jednoliko ili uniformno neprekidna funkcija union unija skupova void nonvoid prazan neprazan Kako govoriti Pri govorenju treba pripaziti na dvije stvari Prvo kada želimo sami govoriti neke stvari treba naprosto znati nije ih moguće naučiti samo čitajući Naprimjer 3 4 hrvatski tričetvrt engleski se kaže three quarters a 7 10 seven tenths Dosad jasno Ali kako se kaže a b Kaže se a over b a na to niti uz najbolju volju ne bismo mogli sami nadoć Nasreću treba znati samo nekoliko takvih začkoljica Evo najvažnijih engleski se to kaže ovako 3 14 three point one four 1 000 000 000 one billion u američkom ali pretežno i u britanskom engleskom two billions dakle nije dva bilijuna već samo dvije milijarde a b a over b a divided by b a puta b a b a b a times b a minus a negative a u američkom engleskom a b a equals b a is equal to b a b a less than b a is less than b a b a greater than b a is greater than b n n faktorijel n factorial n povrh k binomni koeficijent n choose k x 2 x squared x 3 x cubed x n x to the n th e x e to the x sin x sine x izgovara se sain ex f x f of x f x f prime of x dy dx dy by dx dy dx n 1 k sumacija summation n from 1 to k x korijen od x square root of x root x x i x sub i Drugo pišući ili govoreći o matematici važno je imati na umu da neodređeni član a ispred imenice koja počinje samoglasnikom postaje an Dakle ne kaže se a island nego an island Iako Vam je to već možda u krvi u običnom govoru i pisanju u matematici treba biti posebno oprezan Naime počinje li imenica samoglasnikom ili suglasnikom ne ovisi o tome kako se piše već kako se izgovara A u matematici se često pojavljuju simboli samostojeća slova koji su vokali ali u izgovoru počinju konsonantom i obrato Možda se sjećate Country Joe McDonalda na legendarnom Woodstocku Gimme an F Gimme a U Jeste li čuli Iako je F konsonant izgovara se ef tj počinje vokalom stoga an F Kod U je obratno izgovara se ju dakle počinje konsonantom stoga a U A u matematici ima toga na pretek Treba dakle govoriti i pisati an M ideal an NP hard problem an H p space a U test a Y flow i nemojte izgovarati Y kao u karikaturama nekadašnjeg američkog ministra vanjskih poslova Kissingera kao vai nego više kao rastegnuto uvaj A kako je s riječima koje počinju s H U hour h se ne čuje ali u history se

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/hr/pocetna-stranica/65-mathhelp/mathematics-in-foreign-languages/1008-help-croatian-english (2013-11-18)
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