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- Mathematics In Europe - Spain

Spain Ayrıntılar Kategori Stamps Jorge Juan y Santacilia International Congress of Mathematicians 2006 Madrid Jorge Juan y Santacilia This stamp was issued in Spain at the occasion of 250 years astronomy for nautical purposes CCL anniversario de la astronomía náutica Jorge Juan joined the expedition to South America that was organized by the Academie Royale des Sciences de Paris The aim of this expedition as well as a second one

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/73-enjoy-maths/stamps/578-spain (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - Switzerland

Mesajları EMS Destekçiler Diller Iletişim Yasal Bilgi arama The European Mathematical Society Our Sponsor Munich RE Switzerland Ayrıntılar Kategori Stamps Jakob Bernoulli Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler Jakob Bernoulli This stamp was issued in Switzerland at the occasion of the International Congress of Mathematicians that was organized in Zürich in 1994 It shows a portrait of the mathematician Jakob Bernoulli together with a formula and a graphics related to the following proposition The arithmetic mean of a series of measurements of a value under identical circumstances tends to the expected value if their number increases Law of large numbers cf also stamp of the month September 2004 Bernoulli s name and the relevance of the formula are not mentioned on the stamp Leonhard Euler This stamp was issued in Switzerland at the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the date of birth of the mathematician Leonhard Euler 1707 1783 Leonhard Euler and here is the stamp in memory of his 300 th birthday The left part shows a polyhedron as a solid body and its framework of edges the actually not visible edges are presented in blue as well as Euler s formula for polyhedrons This formula states that for three

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/73-enjoy-maths/stamps/580-switzerland (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - Austria

the monastery Kremsmünster is shown surrounded by several optical instruments and some planetary objects The other side provides a map of the far side of the moon as well on the margin the sun and partially the Earth Johannes Kepler This coin was issued by the Austrian National Bank in 2002 This coins is the second member of the series Austria and his people Castles in Austria and is dedicated

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/626-austria-currencies (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - Croatia

shows a portrait of the mathematician Ruggero Giuseppe Boskovich together with some graphics related to geometry and partially to planetary orbits The motif shown on the back of the banknote is neither related to this mathematician nor to science in general That s the reason why it is not presented here It should be mentioned that also the banknotes with other nominal values of Dinar show the portrait of Ruggero

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/640-croatia-currencies (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - Czech Republic

František Josef Gerstner 1756 1832 studied in Prague with the mathematician St Wydra and the astronomer J Stepling In1789 he became professor of higher mathematics in Prague Following his application to the emperor in Austira the school of engineering founded 1707 was transformed in 1803 into a polytechnical university today the Czech Technical University in Prague and Gerstner became its first director Gerstner s first love was applications of mathematics

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/632-czech-republic-currencies (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - England

a prism and the graph of an elliptic curve is shown It also contains the parallelogram of forces The so called law of gravitation has been found by I Newton The noted dates of life 1642 1727 are surprising because in most cases 1643 is taken for the year of birth The reason may be the discrepancy of the Julian and Gregorian calendar The latter was adopted by the British

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/639-england-currencies (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - France

Dürer together with a small monogram This motif can also be found on a stamp issued in Germany in 2006 On the back the nominal value of this coins is provided for two currencies 10 Francs FRF and 1 5 Euros EUR The final conversion factor in effect when introducing the currency Euro in January 2002 was finally fixed after issuing this coin René Descartes The French 100 Franc banknote used in the middle of the last century shows a portrait of the philosopher and mathematician René Descartes He is shown with dividers in his right hand and with a sand glass in front of him The back of the banknote shows nothing related to R Descartes That s the reason why it is not presented here Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier The 50 francs banknote from 1950 shows a portrait of the mathematician Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier The hands can also be seen the right one holding dividers for measuring distances U J J Le Verrier became wellknown due to his computation of the position of an expected new planet in 1846 on the base of pertubations of the motion of the planet Uranus The new planet was immediately discovered close to this position For details see the article of Hans Zekl Die unerzählte Geschichte der Neptun Entdeckung but also in the Discovery on the page on the planet Neptune On the back of the banknote is dominated by a presentation of the Roman god Neptune holding a trident The name and the year of the discovery of the identically named planet may be recognized on the right The graphics in the background looks like a imaginative figurative styling of a section of the celestial sky with the Goat and the Archer difficult to associate If an association

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/619-france-currencies (2013-11-18)

Open archived version from archive - Mathematics In Europe - Germany

coin is 5 Marks The front side of the coin shows an interpretation of the 2 nd Kepler s law that states that for equally spaced time intervals the moving line defined by the positions of planet and sun defines surfaces of equal area Johannes Kepler This coin was issued by the German National Bank in 2009 due to the 400 th anniversary of the publication of his work Astronomia nova in Prague It contains two of the laws named after him The first law states that the orbits of the planets are ellipses while the second states that a planet runs faster when its distance from the sun gets smaller The small boat is an allegory for the radial force and is as the geometrical figure taken from Kepler s work The inscription on the edge reads ASTRONOMIA NOVA turning point to celestial mechanics For the same reason a stamp was issued as well Nikolaus Kopernikus This coin was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 500 th anniversary of the birth of Nicolaus Copernicus The back side shows the heliocentric sun system The remainder of the universe is simply named sphere of the stars The nominal value is 5 DM Deutsch Mark DEM Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This coin with a portrait of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was issued at the occasion of his 250 th anniversary of his death in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1966 The nominal value of this coin is 5 DM Deutsch Mark DEM Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This coin with a portrait of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was issued at the occasion of his 250 th anniversary of his date of death in the German Democratic Republic in 1966 The nominal value of this coin is 20 Mark DDM Gottfried

Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/74-enjoy-maths/currencies/606-germany-currencies (2013-11-18)

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