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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics everywhere
    Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom Mathematics is everywhere Omnipresent in industry aerospace imagery cryptography and in the service sector banks insurance mathematics also appears in many others areas surveying risk management data protection It is embedded in our daily life telecommunications transport medicine meteorology music and it contributes to the resolution of many current problems energy health environment climate change sustainable development In the service of the great challenges of today

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/672-mathematics-everywhere (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - What use is mathematics?
    industry and the service economy the weather forecasting and climatology mobile telephony allocation of frequencies call management the Internet design of communication protocols forecasting of network evolution transport aerodynamic calculations travel planning optimization of maintenance operations improving comfort civil engineering design of bridges and sound reducing walls energy production optimization of the distribution of electricity forecast of nuclear incidents consumer electronics error correcting codes for CD reading the possibility of 3G on telephones finance options pricing evaluating credit risk medical imagery Picture on the right In everyday life cell phone MP3 player digital photography special effects video games bank card social security card Left Modelling a femur making it possible for a surgeon to perform a hip replacement operation Right Category 4 tropical cyclone off the coast of Australia March 2004 It can attack the great problems of today and tomorrow Mathematical research is at the centre of a high stakes challenge to find new tools and concepts to assist in the solution of problems related to the environment sustainable development energy climate It is clear that society is increasingly pressing its demands for improvements in prevention and risk management in particular in meteorology where there is a need to develop tools to obtain reliable medium and long range forecasts in order to anticipate extreme meteorological and geological events with precision cyclones earthquakes tsunamis Mathematicians are also engaged by physicians for optimizing surgical techniques and the treatment of serious diseases while geneticists have called on mathematicians for help in sequencing the human genome Genetics is the science of the transmission of hereditary features It was born historically with a comparison between experimental results and a simple mathematical assumption concerning the mechanisms governing the appearance of the flowering pea and its heredity Today one still employs mathematical analysis now to determine

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/673-what-use-is-mathematics (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics - for what professions
    number of areas in which mathematicians are employed has grown from a hundred to two thousand in twenty years There is a large representation in banking finance and insurance meteorology and space transport and medicine and pharmacology Areas in which mathematicians are sought When the subject is data protection security cryptography reliability and quality control transmission of information or complex decision making mathematicians are in great demand One meets mathematicians in a great variety of other areas as well such as communication the arts criminal investigation and athletics performances optimization for top level athletes Over the centuries astronomy was mainly concerned with the study of the positions of the stars in the sky or celestial mechanics based exclusively on mathematics The astrophysics of the twenty first century continues to use mathematics for example for the calculation of the trajectories of the probes sent to explore the solar system or for image processing of data obtained by telescopes and satellites Florence Durret astrophysicist Value added employment Teaching and research are and will remain creators of many employment opportunities Data processing and R D research and development are areas currently employing many mathematicians both in industry and the service sector High tech industries are also attractive areas for mathematicians including aeronautics petrology energy chemistry Specialists in data compression modelling and digital simulation optimization image reconstruction mathematicians are everywhere in demand Beginning with only the information contained in the edges of the squares in the image on the left one can rebuild the image on the right using modern techniques in the calculus of variations These same techniques have applications in fields as diverse as digital retouching of photographs the restoration of old films and image compression Opportunities to seize in the coming years It is envisaged that there will soon be many

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/674-mathematics-for-what-professions (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Example 01: Marlyse
    had some native ability in this material and one enjoys as a rule doing something that comes naturally After a first time failure on the CAPES certificate of fitness for a teacher in secondary education I took a preparatory course that allowed me to qualify for the oral exam However as insurance for my future in case I failed a second time I looked for a position as a statistician in a bank Following an interview the bank offered me a position that was interesting in terms of the level of remuneration But after successfully passing the CAPES I chose teaching without a moment s hesitation in spite of the difference in salaries I back up my teaching on the basis of eighteen hours work a week To the time spent with the pupils one must add meetings with other teachers contact with the pupils parents course preparation correcting papers administering examinations Moreover in school one teaches the pupils new and useful ways of thinking It is necessary to give them a taste of the discipline so that they have a positive view of mathematics One must fight against the prejudice that holds that an aptitude for mathematics is genetically determined I am continually confronted with the question What is the use of mathematics My answer is not simplistic and not always understood I reply that mathematics plays a role in developing our capacity to reason and in the acquisition of useful knowledge But currently mathematics is perceived as a secondary discipline for solving exercises But despite the difficulties I enjoy helping my students to understand mathematics and to solve problems related to everyday reality At the time of the introduction of the euro I took the opportunity to teach them about functions I also tried to show how arithmetic

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/691-example-01-marlyse (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Example 02: Myriam
    foreign languages while working at a company that provides statistical services to pharmaceutical laboratories I wrote computer programmes for instrument panels to allow biostatisticians to evaluate the efficacy of new drugs Then I resumed my studies while working on a degree in marketing Following a training course in agribusiness I was hired by a healthcare facility In terms of my objectives my work has nothing to do with marketing on the other hand I make use of the same knowledge in particular statistics for use in decision making How mathematics somes into play in her job In a health care facility the statistician brings her expertise in information processing to the technical staff and healthcare providers The objective is to provide tools for reflection and then for decision making in improving the quality of care A Biostatistician is a person who uses statistical techniques for studying biological phenomena in particular for determining the effectiveness of a drug being studied to study the spread of an epidemic to determine the laws of heredity and so on For staff management human resources and management and administrative services I create instrument panels that are concerned with the activities of the hospital measurement of the activity of medical services with indicators such as mean duration of stay and occupancy rate of beds and I respond to specific requests concerning particular problems such as following up on the activity of a new service At the request of the medical teams I look for indicators in the information systems available to the hospital in order to answer their questions After collecting and analysing the data I present them in the form of tables or graphs This makes it possible for example to justify requests for personnel in a service carrying out an important activity The most

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/692-example-02-myriam (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Example03: Christophe
    it was a no brainer I was passionate about this area of applied statistics and I still am today much more than I am about computational finance After completing my final year internship at the Public Health Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Marseille I continued on to an MPhil in Health Economics which permitted me to keep working in this laboratory as a statistician I stayed there for three years Then I got a change of scenery by choosing the pharmaceutical industry first of all from the perspective of a service provider and now at the heart of the Lundbeck Laboratory How mathematics comes into play At the final stage of developing a new drug the econometrician produces scientific information to help the laboratory and the health authorities negotiate its price and rate of reimbursement As a health economics statistician my mission is twofold first analysing clinical studies then producing pharmacoeconomic models But these two activities have a single goal evaluating the effectiveness of new drugs and helping the laboratory and health authorities reach a decision during their negotiations about pricing and reimbursement During the analysis portion I work on the data collected during the phase III trials In negotiating the price and reimbursement rate for a new drug being able to show at least an additional benefit surpassing the products already on the market provides the laboratory with an important argument I also work on studies of the sum total of patients following the treatment Once the product has been put on the market we have to verify under real conditions its effectiveness and susceptibility to tolerance as already established experimentally by the phase III trials so we can know its true usefulness During the modelling portion I estimate the effectiveness of new drugs

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/702-example03-christophe (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Example04: Yannick
    I was determined to work in the banking sector after completing internships in several banks I finished my degree at Nancy with a master of advanced studies in statistics I completed my internship at the Banque Populaire Lorraine Champagne where I was hired on a short term contract at the heart of the marketing department in charge of statistical studies For three years I ve been responsible for the data mining unit I took over as its director from the moment it was created How mathematics comes into play A marketing innovator the director of the data mining unit juggles management and communications tasks as well as statistical studies I direct a team of four people charged with exploiting the database that assembles different pieces of information on the clients of the bank data mining One of our primary objectives is providing our account managers with tools for decision making For example isolating the most relevant elements of our clients banking situations so we can contact or locate clients whose accounts display large movements in order to alert them The second objective aims at more precisely targeting our marketing practices and campaigns In that case it s about classifying our clients into different groups according to their banking capability so we can offer them financial products adapted to their needs or assign those of our account managers specializing in certain financial products to the profiles of clientele who might be interested The third goal is rationally to evaluate the seasonal dimension of our commercial objectives For example this helps us to foresee the number of bank cards that an account manager needs to have sold by the end of June in order to sell a hundred in a year I devote most of my time to management and communications The

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/703-example04-yannick (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Example05: Laurence
    hired into the deposit office s department of stock market activity in a team charged with constructing an instrument for measuring market risks After four years I moved on to a position linking the risk and results portions of complex financial products Three years later I became adjunct head of a new entity born out of the fusion between risk and results management I stayed in this job for four years Today I am in charge of another new unit that gathers together the bank s different results functions which were formerly distributed across several units calculating and controlling economic results bringing together economic and financial results measuring the bank s commercial activity How mathematics comes into play Between managing projects and directing her team the head of the results unit must on a daily basis make the right decisions at the right times and establish priorities for how the work is organized I direct the unit in charge of calculating the results from the bank s trading room In broad terms this unit which comprises around fifty employees produces real time calculations of the results from the transactions performed by our front office agents these are financial products pertaining to shares indices interest rates It also analyses the variations in these results as a function of changing market parameters of new types of transactions The heads of the front office receive a daily assessment of the unit s activity which is also published in the bank s monthly statement I manage projects and I direct a team In my role as a project manager I am in charge of developing computational tools as such I coordinate the activity of the project ownership team with that of the project managers As the head of a team I organize my employees

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/70-profession/profession-zoom/704-example05-laurence (2013-11-18)
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