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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 in Europe
    article in the WELT Luftballons im Handy Akku can be found here and here is the English version Mathematical modelling for energy research April 18 2013 Jürgen Sprekels Produktion von Halbleiterkristallen ein Fall für Mathematik the article in the WELT was called Simulierte Produktion The English version Production of Semiconductor Crystals a Case for Mathematics May 23 2013 Rupert Klein Mathematik und Klima The online version of the article in the WELT can be found here and here is pdf of the paper version An English translation is also available Mathematics and Climate June 20 2013 Peter Deuflhard Erdbeben Vorhersage in Italien führt ins Gefängnis The version of the article in the WELT can be found here and here is the English translation July 25 2013 Volker Mehrmann Mathe spart Energie The online version of this article in the WELT can be found here An English version is also available August 15 2013 Ralf Kornhuber Virtuelles Kniegelenk in German the slightly longer version Immer auf die Knochen of this article can be found here The English version has the title Close to the Bone Mathematics in Orthopaedic Surgery September 26 2013 Christof Schütte Moderne Schamanen in German the slightly longer version Die Medizin braucht die Mathematik of this article can be found here The English version has the title Medicine needs Mathematics October 24 2013 Peter Gritzmann Fisch sucht Fahrrad in German a slightly longer version can be found here The mpe2013 article of Günter Ziegler appeared on October 11 2013 Die alltägliche Vermessung der Welt On May 23 one of the lectures that are sponsored by the Simons foundation at the occasion of MPE2013 took place at Freie Uiversität in Berlin The lecture was presented by Rupert Klein details can be cound here in German In total there will be nine such lectures in 2013 six of them in North America The open source platform IMAGINARY is administrated in the research center Oberwolfach Back to the survey ITALY Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth http www altamatematica it mmmpe2013 earth html this is a workshop organized by INDAM Istituto nazionale di Alta Matematica which is a MPE partner in Rome 27 29 May Conference on the Mathematical and Computational Issues in the Geosciences GS13 a conference in Padova by SIAM 17 23 June 2013 http www siam org meetings gs13 As regards rpa activities the journal XlaTangente has scheduled one article in each issue since December 2012 to December 2013 for seven issues and the website associated to the journal is building a section http www xlatangente it page php id 1571 where it will be possible to find besides these articles a list of mpe activities and other news Back to the survey PORTUGAL There are five MPE2013 international partners in Portugal CIM International Centre of Mathematics SPM Portuguese Mathematics Society APM Mathematics Teachers Association MNHNCUL National Museum of Natural History and Science of Lisbon University and MCUC Science Museum of the Coimbra University Launch of MPE2013

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/de/49-popularization/general/790-mathematics-of-planet-earth-2013-in-europe (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics In Europe
    will start with the MPE2013 day at the UNESCO in Paris on March 5 2013 More information on this event can be found on the MPE2013 homepage and also here on www mathematics in europe eu A compilation of the European MPE2013 activities can be found here 2013 will be the year Mathematics of Planet Earth MPE 2013 MPE2013 partners will sponsor workshops research conferences public lectures outreach events and

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/de/component/content/article/85-frontpage/news-frontpage/976-mpe2013-launched (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics In Europe
    direkt zum Inhalt Drücke die Enter Taste The universe is written in mathematical language Galileo Galilei More information on Galilei can be found here We can also recommend some collections of quotations JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/de/component/content/article/11-frontpage/citiations/805-the-quotation-of-the-day-32 (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Mathematics In Europe
    studied the different ways of lacing shoes It is a question that surprises people For most of us there is only one acceptable method of lacing shoes However the reality is that people in different cultures use different patterns to lace their shoes To give only two examples there are the methods used in the USA and in Europe which are the most common ways In the former the shoelaces are threaded in opposing zigzags and when seen from above they seem to be crossed In the latter they are threaded in alternating zigzags in such a way that the eyes of the shoes seem joined horizontally by the shoelaces when viewed from above There is also the ex factory method in which the shoelace makes a continual zigzag from top to bottom and then returns in a diagonal line Which do you think is the most efficient method The first curious fact is that there are an astronomical number of options For shoes with two rows of five eyes Polster verified that there are 51 840 different ways to thread the laces This number increases to millions when the number of eyes rises Polster restricted himself to ways of threading the laces that necessarily occupy all the eyes and allow the eyes to be pulled together by applying pressure to the laces for example this implies that the laces may not pass through three successive eyes on the same side as this would not exert any individual pressure on the eye in the middle Then he defined the efficiency criteria He stated that the security of the binding should be maximized and the compression of the laces should be minimized Comparing the three above mentioned systems he verified that the most economical is always the American method with the second best system depending on the number of eyes If there are four or more pairs of eyes the European method is superior to the ex factory method In the case of three pairs of eyes they are equal And in the case of only one or two pairs of eyes the problem is trivial as all three methods are equally good If you try to verify this you will see that it is not difficult American method European method Ex factory method Bow tie method Four different ways to lace your shoes However Polster did not restrict himself to studying only these three methods He analyzed the problem from a general perspective only taking the above mentioned restrictions into account He discovered that the most economical system is not one of the three commonly used methods He discovered a less common pathway that he called the bow tie method As far as the criterion of maximum security of the binding was concerned he did not find any esoteric method which is comforting After all the American and ex factory methods are the best When the rows of eyes are farther apart the ex factory method is the strongest When

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/de/component/content/article/13-frontpage/popular-articles/686-shoelaces-and-neckties (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    The same way when you tread upon an orange peel on a table it breaks and deforms the map makers have to deform the globe in order to reproduce a spherical surface on a plane Deformations are not serious for small areas But the world became bigger with the travels of Discoveries and continent and ocean maps necessary to navigation started being made Mercator naturally knew the results of Pedro Nunes once they were very spread through all Europe He decided to make a chart that would be directly useful to the navigators As first principle he decided the chart would show a lattice in which the lines of the same latitude were all parallel to the Equator and perpendicular to the meridians and in which meridians were all parallel to each other In this sense he only followed Pedro Nunes indications who proposed some alterations to the rectangular charts i e to the maps with squares marked by parallels and meridians As a second principle Mercator decided that the route lines would appear as straight lines and again he did not do more here than following a suggestion given by Pedro Nunes In order to realize this principle Mercator progressively augmented the distances between the parallels while the latitude approaches the Poles Once more he was following a suggestion given by the Portuguese mathematician who talked about the need of distorting the latitudes scale in order to build a chart where the loxodromes were straight lines And so was born Mercator s projection which keeps being today the most well known and the most used Pedro Nunes A mathematician in a country of navigators Ayrıntılar Kategori Uncategorised PEDRO NUNES A MATHEMATICIAN IN A COUNTRY OF NAVIGATORS The Portuguese dared to venture at the great ocean sea wrote Pedro Nunes they discovered new islands new lands new seas new people and more than that new skies new stars Text by Nuno Crato The greatest mathematician of Discoveries era was born 500 years ago in the city of Alcácer do Sal We know very little about his origins and about his life and we considerably ignore what sort of connections he had with the scientists of his time However it is possible to reconstitute his work through his publications and the many references made to him by the great intellectuals of his time He was called Pedro Nunes and this was how he signed but very often his name appears under the Latinised form Petrus Nonius We only know the year of his birth we know neither the month nor the day We know the exact date of his death which happened the 11th August 1578 His life like the one of Camões 1524 1580 coincided with the greatest historical period of our country A short time after the dead of these great Portuguese Felipe II from Spain ascended the throne and the country lost its independence which it would only retake in 1640 By that time the epoch in which Portugal and Spain incontestably dominated the seas was over In the Iberian Peninsula Mathematics and Sciences had also lost their major greatness It seems that Pedro Nunes had Jew origins once Damião de Góis described him as a Portuguese of nation reference usually applied to converted Jews But there is nothing in Pedro Nunes writings that show any signs of crypto Judaism and the few religious references we can find in them are clearly Christian Neither there are any signs of Nunes having ever been persecuted Kings and princes have protected him during all his life However his grandchildren spent some years in the prisons of the Inquisition accused of professing Judaism As the Italian mathematician Francisco Maurolico 1494 1575 Pedro Nunes worked in the period between Regiomontano 1436 1476 and Viète 1544 1603 As the astronomer Tycho Brahe 1546 1601 and the cosmographer Cristophorus Clavius 1538 1612 he lived in the period between Copernicus 1473 1543 and Galileo 1564 1642 Stuck between these great figures who determined turning moments of Mathematics and Sciences the work of Pedro Nunes has been less studied than what it deserves But in his time its contributions were entirely recognized till the end of his life Nunes was practically dying when he was urged by the Pope messengers to work in the calendar reformation but he could no longer correspond to this request Brahe the greatest astronomer of the pre telescopic era tried one of his inventions to which he called subtle process And Clavius the greatest figure of Roman College the major centre of Catholic knowledge in those times classified him as a supreme mathematician genius Pedro Nunes studied in Lisbon and Salamanca where he met Guiomar de Aires a Castilian Christian whom he married and from whom he had six children After obtaining his graduation he was hired as a lecturer by the University of Lisbon where he completed his Ph D in Medicine In possession of this academic degree obtained in the only scientific area in which it was available at the time Nunes could continue his mathematic investigations enjoying a comfortable position He was still young when his genius was noticed in the Court By decision of the king D João III he was preceptor of the princes D Luís and D Henrique teaching them Logic Philosophy Geometry and Mathematics He was 27 years old when he was appointed as Royal Cosmographer a position of great prestige in the country Two decades later he was appointed Royal Major Cosmographer In order to accomplish his obligations as cosmographer and teacher of the princes Pedro Nunes renounced to his academic position He was again appointed as a teacher after the transference of the University to Coimbra in 1537 and he remained in this city for the rest of his life He had his jubilee in 1562 and died in Coimbra in 1578 He was frequently called to Lisbon to advice and to examine the pilots to help making the cartography of recently

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/2-uncategorised (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    Skip to main content Press Enter JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Abel prize ceremony in Oslo Ayrıntılar Kategori Frontpage On May 21 the Belgian mathematician Pierre Deligne received the Abel prize 2013 from the Norwegain King in the aula of the university in Oslo Devamını oku Abel prize ceremony in Oslo Alt Kategoriler General News Citiations Historical reminder Popular articles help Popular

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/8-frontpage (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    this Website Skip to main content Press Enter Menu languages Articles in Turkish can be found here Home Anasayfa Articles in multiple languages Anasayfa Haberler Bilgiler Halka ulaşma faaliyetleri Yarışmalar Matematik Yardım Meslek olarak matematik Karışık Misyon Hoşgeldin Mesajları EMS Destekçiler Diller Iletişim Yasal Bilgi arama The European Mathematical Society Our Sponsor Munich RE Alt Kategoriler German Croatian Danish Finnish French Italian Norway Polish Russian Serbian Cyrillic Spanish Svenska Turkish

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/16-articles-in-multiple-languages (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    selected articles published by the network partners into European languages To share the translated articles within the network partners and this way foster an exchange between authors publishers and the public in Europe List of articles by appearance Article Number Title Original Article by Author Media Partner Link Translations available in 2013 III Dal mappamondo all atlante Siliva Benvenuti xlatangente Original Article Link Print Italian Original Portuguese 2013 II The Tower of Hanoi Where maths meets psychology Marianne Freiberger Plus magazine Original Article Link English Original Italian German 2013 I Gnash a flat torus Vincent Borelli images des Maths Original Article Link French Original English Italian Portuguese The Network Currently the following partners of content providers and content publishers agreed to offer articles for translations and or publish translated articles The list is in alphabetical order Divulgamat Spain images des Maths France IMAGINARY International Mathematics in Europe Europe Plus magazine UK xlatangente Italy Please contact us at translation project at mathematics in europe eu if you are interested to join the media network The Translators and Translations We are establishing a pool of mathematicians and translators to work with us to translate the articles into many European languages and proof read them Please let us know if you are interested to join the project We usually pay a lumpsum amount per article and offer a very flexible working environment Please contact us at translations translation project at mathematics in europe eu Licences and Publishing Agreement All rights on the translated articles stay with the author s and the original publisher as per agreement with Mathematics in Europe The translated articles are provided to our network partners for free to be published Besides the authors and original publlishers the translated articles will also mention the name of the translators and proof

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/18-information (2013-11-18)
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