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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    Menu languages Articles in Turkish can be found here Home Anasayfa Anasayfa Haberler Bilgiler Halka ulaşma faaliyetleri Yarışmalar Matematik Yardım Meslek olarak matematik Karışık Misyon Hoşgeldin Mesajları EMS Destekçiler Diller Iletişim Yasal Bilgi arama The European Mathematical Society Our Sponsor Munich RE Math Help Ayrıntılar Kategori General One of the most important goals of this page is to provide assistance in understanding various aspects of mathematics Information is already available

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/64-mathhelp/general (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    utilize the functionality of this Website Skip to main content Press Enter Menu languages Articles in Turkish can be found here Home Anasayfa Anasayfa Haberler Bilgiler Halka ulaşma faaliyetleri Yarışmalar Matematik Yardım Meslek olarak matematik Karışık Misyon Hoşgeldin Mesajları EMS Destekçiler Diller Iletişim Yasal Bilgi arama The European Mathematical Society Our Sponsor Munich RE Suggestions for school teachers survey Ayrıntılar Kategori Suggestions for school teachers Coming soon Copyright 2013 Mathematics

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/66-mathhelp/suggestions-for-school-teachers (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    with Jacques Dixmier NL72 2009 pdf 266 kB Körner An interview with John Ball NL71 2009 pdf 88 kB Caetano Haroske An interview with Hans Triebel NL70 2008 pdf 78 kB this article was originally published in the CIM Bulletin Ehrler Munk An interview with Preda Mihailescu who proved the Catalan conjecture NL68 2008 pdf 258 kB Goldstein Skandalis An interview with Alain Connes part 2 NL67 2008 pdf 94 kB Raußen Valette An interview with Beno Eckmann NL66 2007 pdf 378 kB Raußen Skau An interview with Srinivasa Varadhan Abel Prize winner 2007 NL65 2007 pdf 93 kB Berinde An interview with Marius Iosifescu NL64 2007 pdf 233 kB Semenov An interview with Ludwig Faddeev NL64 2007 pdf 315 kB Goldstein Skandalis An interview with Alain Connes part 1 NL63 2007 pdf 99 kB Persson An interview with John Morgan on the Poincaré conjecture NL63 2007 pdf 69 kB Berinde An interview with Viorel Barbu NL59 2006 pdf kB Lück Schmidt An interview with Friedrich Hirzebruch NL58 2005 pdf 177 kB Persson An interview with Ariel Stubhaug NL56 2005 pdf kB Ciesielski Pagoda An interview with Ian Stewart NL55 2005 pdf 394 kB Raußen Skau An interview with Michael Atyah and Isadore Singer Abel Prize winners 2004 NL53 2004 pdf 511 kB Samuel An interview with Henri Cartan NL53 2004 pdf 253 kB Sanz Solé An interview with Ari Laptev NL52 2004 pdf 330 kB Augot An interview with Madhu Sudan Nevanlinna Prize 2002 NL51 2004 pdf 164 kB Berinde An interview with Solomon Marcus NL50 2003 pdf 135 kB LucLemaire An interview with Philippe Tondeur NL49 2003 pdf 76 kB Raußen Skau An interview with Jean Pierre Serre NL49 2003 pdf 139 kB Grigorchuk An interview with Dimitry Anosov part 2 NL48 2003 pdf 579 kB Grigorchuk An

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/68-profession/interviews (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    Where do mathematicians work Ayrıntılar Kategori Examples This part of our web page contains translation of parts of the brochure Zoom sur les métiers des mathématiques There one finds numerous descriptions of professions with a mathematical background Those who consider to become a mathematician will see that there is a big variety of areas where mathematical methods come into play Similar articles can be found on http www mathscareers org

    Original URL path: http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/tr/69-profession/examples (2013-11-18)
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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    can be quite difficult to find a good way to respond to students questions If mathematical activity seems remote from emotional responses nevertheless mathematical education is strongly linked to relations between teacher and pupils My first year on the job was particularly challenging both physically and psychologically but over time I learned how not to engage with pupils head on how to establish rules and command respect But these considerations apply to all subjects After all in the end a teacher s job includes the upbringing of children What are the qualifications Bac 4 then the license CAPES in mathematics or Bac 5 with a one year Translated by David Kramer Example 02 Myriam Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom MYRIAM 27 years old Senior Technician in statistics at a healthcare facility in Brittany How she became a mathematician In the end I chose to pursue my advanced studies in DIT STID university diploma in technology statistics and decisional data processing I completed my second year of internship in the field of medical research at the INSERM National Institute of Health and Medical Research in Paris Having obtained my diploma I then worked in a healthcare facility for a year and a half Then I travelled to England where I worked on a diploma in foreign languages while working at a company that provides statistical services to pharmaceutical laboratories I wrote computer programmes for instrument panels to allow biostatisticians to evaluate the efficacy of new drugs Then I resumed my studies while working on a degree in marketing Following a training course in agribusiness I was hired by a healthcare facility In terms of my objectives my work has nothing to do with marketing on the other hand I make use of the same knowledge in particular statistics for use in decision making How mathematics somes into play in her job In a health care facility the statistician brings her expertise in information processing to the technical staff and healthcare providers The objective is to provide tools for reflection and then for decision making in improving the quality of care A Biostatistician is a person who uses statistical techniques for studying biological phenomena in particular for determining the effectiveness of a drug being studied to study the spread of an epidemic to determine the laws of heredity and so on For staff management human resources and management and administrative services I create instrument panels that are concerned with the activities of the hospital measurement of the activity of medical services with indicators such as mean duration of stay and occupancy rate of beds and I respond to specific requests concerning particular problems such as following up on the activity of a new service At the request of the medical teams I look for indicators in the information systems available to the hospital in order to answer their questions After collecting and analysing the data I present them in the form of tables or graphs This makes it possible for example to justify requests for personnel in a service carrying out an important activity The most difficult aspect of my work lies precisely in the presentation of data The reason for this is that it is a question of making numbers speak to a public that is unfamiliar with this type of information In addition to technical skills my job requires communication skills It also requires organizational ability since I have to process very different types of data and I frequently work on several projects in parallel I also participate in the development of internal surveys and enquiries on particular topics at the request of care providers or staff management My responsibility is the technical aspects of the enquiries implementation of the questionnaire organizing the computer entry of responses after they are collected and statistical analysis of the data followed by the creation of a report on the results What are the qualifications Bac 3 professional degree in economics and management science or decisional statistics Translated by David Kramer Example03 Christophe Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom CHRISTOPHE 32 years old Econometrician Lundbeck Pharmaceutical laboratory Department of Health Economics Epidemiology How he became a mathematician After a baccalaureate in the sciences and two years of preparatory classes I entered the ENSAI the National School of Statistics and Information Analysis In my third year I chose the option statistics for health sciences Biology was more than a choice it was a no brainer I was passionate about this area of applied statistics and I still am today much more than I am about computational finance After completing my final year internship at the Public Health Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Marseille I continued on to an MPhil in Health Economics which permitted me to keep working in this laboratory as a statistician I stayed there for three years Then I got a change of scenery by choosing the pharmaceutical industry first of all from the perspective of a service provider and now at the heart of the Lundbeck Laboratory How mathematics comes into play At the final stage of developing a new drug the econometrician produces scientific information to help the laboratory and the health authorities negotiate its price and rate of reimbursement As a health economics statistician my mission is twofold first analysing clinical studies then producing pharmacoeconomic models But these two activities have a single goal evaluating the effectiveness of new drugs and helping the laboratory and health authorities reach a decision during their negotiations about pricing and reimbursement During the analysis portion I work on the data collected during the phase III trials In negotiating the price and reimbursement rate for a new drug being able to show at least an additional benefit surpassing the products already on the market provides the laboratory with an important argument I also work on studies of the sum total of patients following the treatment Once the product has been put on the market we have to verify under real conditions its effectiveness and susceptibility to tolerance as already established experimentally by the phase III trials so we can know its true usefulness During the modelling portion I estimate the effectiveness of new drugs as compared to other products available on the market not only in terms of improving the health of patients but also in terms of health insurance costs First of all I simulate specific groups of patients in order to measure the therapeutic effectiveness of these new products Using the modelling I plot information about therapeutic effectiveness against data on the health insurance costs In negotiating the price and the reimbursement rates the goal of the modelling is to bring in predictive arguments to complement those provided by the clinical studies What are the qualifications Bac 5 master s of statistical engineering applied to the health sector diploma from the ENSAI or the ISUP Institute of Statistics Example04 Yannick Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom YANNICK 28 years old Head of the Data Mining Unit Finance and Strategic Studies Department Banque Populaire Lorraine Champagne How he became a mathematician Up until the end of my degree program I was interested above all in pure maths At the same time I didn t see myself as a teacher But with training in fundamental mathematics it s very difficult to escape teaching except by becoming a researcher and there aren t many jobs So I decided on a master s degree with applied maths and statistics in particular as an optional subject It wasn t a hard choice for me at all especially since I was determined to work in the banking sector after completing internships in several banks I finished my degree at Nancy with a master of advanced studies in statistics I completed my internship at the Banque Populaire Lorraine Champagne where I was hired on a short term contract at the heart of the marketing department in charge of statistical studies For three years I ve been responsible for the data mining unit I took over as its director from the moment it was created How mathematics comes into play A marketing innovator the director of the data mining unit juggles management and communications tasks as well as statistical studies I direct a team of four people charged with exploiting the database that assembles different pieces of information on the clients of the bank data mining One of our primary objectives is providing our account managers with tools for decision making For example isolating the most relevant elements of our clients banking situations so we can contact or locate clients whose accounts display large movements in order to alert them The second objective aims at more precisely targeting our marketing practices and campaigns In that case it s about classifying our clients into different groups according to their banking capability so we can offer them financial products adapted to their needs or assign those of our account managers specializing in certain financial products to the profiles of clientele who might be interested The third goal is rationally to evaluate the seasonal dimension of our commercial objectives For example this helps us to foresee the number of bank cards that an account manager needs to have sold by the end of June in order to sell a hundred in a year I devote most of my time to management and communications The rest is devoted to the statistical studies that I was already busy with in my previous role as the head of statistical studies in marketing As a manager my activity is that of a project director organizing schedules watching our budget reporting up the chain of command In my role in charge of communications I add value to the work conducted by my team It s good to complete statistical studies that they re useful makes it even better That s why I maintain numerous contacts with the bank directors the account managers the people in charge of statistical studies in marketing the members of the network I also keep in mind my experience at the federal bank since the Banque Populaire Lorraine Champagne is one of the only banks of the group that has a data mining unit What are the qualifications Bac 5 master s of mathematics with a specialisation in statistics diploma from the ENSAI or the ISUP Institute of Statistics Example05 Laurence Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom LAURENCE 36 years old Head of the Results Unit Ixis Corporate Investment Bank How she became a mathematician After two years of preparatory classes I entered the ENSIMAG National University of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics in Grenoble In my third year I chose the financial track which interested me more than the track in pure computer science After receiving my diploma in engineering I was hired into the deposit office s department of stock market activity in a team charged with constructing an instrument for measuring market risks After four years I moved on to a position linking the risk and results portions of complex financial products Three years later I became adjunct head of a new entity born out of the fusion between risk and results management I stayed in this job for four years Today I am in charge of another new unit that gathers together the bank s different results functions which were formerly distributed across several units calculating and controlling economic results bringing together economic and financial results measuring the bank s commercial activity How mathematics comes into play Between managing projects and directing her team the head of the results unit must on a daily basis make the right decisions at the right times and establish priorities for how the work is organized I direct the unit in charge of calculating the results from the bank s trading room In broad terms this unit which comprises around fifty employees produces real time calculations of the results from the transactions performed by our front office agents these are financial products pertaining to shares indices interest rates It also analyses the variations in these results as a function of changing market parameters of new types of transactions The heads of the front office receive a daily assessment of the unit s activity which is also published in the bank s monthly statement I manage projects and I direct a team In my role as a project manager I am in charge of developing computational tools as such I coordinate the activity of the project ownership team with that of the project managers As the head of a team I organize my employees work aside from managing schedules I guide their work and I support them when they run into difficulties I also have to find a way to evaluate their performance and optimize the value of their abilities Besides I have a good understanding of my employees jobs of financial products and markets as well as of the relevant mathematical models for optimizing these products value as a function of evolving market parameters I present a report on my unit s activity to the bank s board of directors In particular I have to take responsibility for the decisions I make concerning the work demanded of my employees and justify my choice of priorities What are the qualifications Bac 5 master s of financial mathematics Example06 Karine Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom KARINE 33 years old Head of Structured Products Morgan Stanley London How she became a mathematician I started my career in research I studied maths while at university achieving a master s of advanced studies in numerical analysis followed by a doctorate in mathematical elasticity After working as a university lecturer I decided to turn my focus toward the world of consulting which let me get to know different industries while resolving various problems involving organization production accounting team management At Oracle which was then the biggest software company in the world my job at the heart of the consulting department let me develop a sense of customer relations as well as expertise in the ERP enterprise resource planning process Afterwards I obtained an MBA at the INSEAD European Institute of Administration and Business where I divided my studies between Fontainebleau and Singapore It was an amazing experience on both the professional and personal levels I continued on to the summer program for MBAs at Morgan Stanley after which I stayed on with an indefinite work contract How mathematics comes into play The varied skill set at the core of this job includes a mastery of financial analysis an entrepreneurial spirit and interpersonal skills I create structured financial products and I organize the marketing strategies as well as the sales for these products My clients are mostly bankers and financial advisers who in turn sell our products to their own clients The latter live in Europe and the Middle East Structured products make up a subset of the financial instruments constructed out of the sum total of stocks bonds interest rates exchange rates and other aspects of finance They each correspond to a choice or strategy for investment hedging or insurance Thus many of our clients ask us for tools that will cover the risk to their share portfolios We therefore develop numerous financial modelling instruments which we adapt on a case by case basis The marketing part of my job consists in developing new product lines defining their position in the market studying our profitability as well as updating our client base Aside from a good knowledge of financial instruments my job demands excellent skills in business strategy a passion for group work and a very developed interpersonal sense A spirit of initiative and entrepreneurship is indispensable but these are useless without strong links with the other groups in the room especially the traders Knowing how to create and maintain a client relationship is the bedrock of my job Strategic vision is what lets you build a career in this job knowing how to recognize opportunities and areas of growth to understand the specifics of geography and to position products in such a way as to maximize revenue It s a very intense job with really packed days but it also comes with tremendous value on both the personal and financial levels It s a job where you very quickly get decision making power with important responsibilities What are the qualifications Bac 8 doctorate in applied mathematics Translation David Kramer Example07 Jean Paul Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom JEAN PAUL 29 years old Actuary BNP Paribas Assurance How he became a mathematician After doing a master s degree in pure math I was hesitating between a master s in financial engineering and a master of advanced studies followed by a thesis At first I was thinking about a career as a researcher in numerical analysis or probability On the advice of the director of LAMFA the Laboratory of Pure and Applied Mathematics of Amiens where today I teach classes in financial mathematics I finally opted for the master s in financial engineering I let myself be persuaded all the more easily because I was already doing a little bit of amateur trading I started my career as a financial engineer in the risk management department at the Edmond de Rothschild financial company I was in charge of creating an instrument for managing certain risks experienced by traders Then I worked in the auditing and consulting office at the actuarial company PricewaterhouseCoopers where they suggested that I complete my programme with an actuarial diploma And so I took post graduate actuarial courses at the CNAM National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts Now all I have to do is present a final report to become an official actuary In the meantime I have been hired by BNP Paribas Assurance How mathematics comes into play in his job Performing the classic task of the insurer the actuary brings to bear skills in probability and statistics in order to master the element of chance in insurance contracts in order to minimize financial losses and create profits I manage risk in protection insurance related to work disability illness and unemployment My specialty is establishing probabilistic models for ensuring financial coverage of the protection insurance contracts managed by our company The concepts I work with make it possible to calculate the value represented by the parties insured by our company The value of the insured parties is a piece of data calculated based on the company s assets that is different financial products but also based on probabilities concerning the health of each of the insured parties life death inability to work illness disability etc I work on stochastic processes based on statistical data on risks In order to establish a probabilistic model of the value of the portfolio of those insured by our company I figure out the essential parameters based on data from the past Then I predict the value of this portfolio for each of the situations that could occur over the duration of the contract The average of these different values yields the portfolio s probable future value up until the end of the contract I am an actuary most oriented towards financial engineering others in my job have a more traditional profile as statisticians The emergence of financial mathematics as a skillset within the actuarial field is linked to the explosion of complex financial products proposed by insurance companies as well as the institution of new norms But the essence of the job remains the statistical calculation of risk its rules are based on the intersection of individuals right to insurance with the fixing of price scales that will yield a profit to the insurance company What are the qualifications Bac 5 actuarial diploma or actuarial training offered by certain engineering or commerce schools or by the ENSAE Translation David Kramer Example08 Emmanuel Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom EMMANUEL 23 years old Flight Revenue Analyst Compagnie Régional Nantes Airport How he became a mathematician After high school I studied for a DUT university diploma in technology in STID statistics and decisional computing at the Institute of Technology in Vannes Since I was interested in air transport I sent out applications unsolicited to various companies When a position opened up at Régional I was hired I was tested on my ability to question my own assumptions on my mastery of statistics and computer technologies as well as on the content of the internship I had completed during the second year of my DUT I had worked in the aeronautical sector more specifically for Airbus to create a database about our production quality Where I work now the analysts have varied profiles some are statisticians others have business training and others have specialized training in transportation Some of them arrived here through internal promotion How mathematics comes into play in his job Using decision making tools the flight revenue analyst seeks to optimise the company s sales Our motto is the right price for the right client at the right time With a portfolio of eight airlines I m in charge of optimising flight revenues Based on the profile of the clientele we re expecting I calculate the number of places on each flight that should be allocated to each type of ticket booking from business class with the highest fare down to economy class with the lowest I readjust the proportions on a daily basis as a function of the bookings we have received I mainly use the software program Airmax a decision making tool developed by Air France Based on records of past flights and the bookings that have already been made the program suggests the number of places still needing to be filled for each fare category If I disagree with the program s suggestion I can override it thanks to computer interfaces such as Alpha3 and Amadeus I work with a team composed of a manager a dozen flight revenue analysts a group bookings administrator two fares specialists and a client assistant for the whole data processing division I m also in touch with our marketers the Air France travel agents All our bookings use an Air France flight number that s typical with franchised flights Aside from an interest in numbers my job demands interpersonal skills and an ability to react Air transport is a very dynamic sector the number of bookings varies widely over the course of the year Furthermore airlines aren t immune to change some disappear and others arise to fill new niches some undergo mergers and are reborn under new names What are the qualifications Bac 2 DUT university diploma in technology or license in mathematics with a focus on statistics Translation David Kramer Example09 Gilles Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom GILLES 43 years old Astronomer Research Centre of the Côte d Azur Observatory GEMINI Laboratory Grasse How he became a mathematician After two years of preparatory classes I studied as an engineer at the ENSAIS in Strasbourg which while I was there became the INSA National Institute of Applied Sciences In my third year I specialised in geodetics aerospace was only one aspect of this option After finishing a master s degree in astronomy flight mechanics and geodetics I completed a doctorate in analytical theories of the movement of artificial satellites Afterwards I spent two years as a postdoc Then I was recruited as an astronomer by the astronomy and physics division of the National Ministry of Education I work in a laboratory attached to the CNRS National Centre for Scientific Research a mixed research unit UMR composed of researchers from the CNRS astronomers based at the National Ministry of Education researcher instructors based at universities and technicians How mathematics comes into play in his job Once an astronomer has become a specialist in spatial geodesics and orbitography he devotes himself to the flight mechanics of artificial satellites in orbit around the Earth I study the trajectory or orbital movement of artificial satellites in orbit around the Earth in order to establish very high precision models The principles for calculating the orbital movement of a satellites are relatively simple and have been known for a long time they are based on the laws of gravity expressed in mathematical equations these are the laws of Newton and Kepler In reality however the calculations are much more complicated because you have to bear in mind perturbations in the satellites orbits due to variations in the Earth s gravitational field Because the distribution of these variations is only partially known we proceed by guesswork matching up theoretical calculations to the data obtained from observing the movement of satellites This confrontation between the theories and our observations is also a means of discovering or confirming even more subtle phenomena such as the Lense Thirring effect which was only recently detected thanks to laser telemetry observations of the movement of two artificial satellites launched from Earth in 1976 and 1992 Most of the time I work on space based missions observing the Earth and its environment This includes for example calibrating and verifying calculations of the orbits of altimetric satellites designed to measure ocean levels More and more I am contributing to missions studying fundamental physics in space at present I m working on a satellite project designed to test the equivalence principle In other words it s about verifying or refuting the principle of the universality of free fall From this perspective space is an ideal laboratory because the vacuum there is almost perfect Right now my job is to foresee and estimate all of the orbital parameters necessary for the success of the experiment after that it will consist in analysing the measurements achieved by means of signal processing in order to determine whether the equivalence principle has been verified What are the qualifications Bac 8 PhD after a research master s degree in astronomy and astrophysics Translation David Kramer Example10 Phillippe Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom PHILIPPE 34 years old Head of Meteorological Research Aeronomical Service National Centre for Scientific Research CNRS How he became a mathematician After completing preparatory classes I entered the École Centrale de Lille Central University of Lille with the intention of specializing in telecommunications In my second year oceanography came into by life through a conference at the IFREMER French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea It isn t a big leap to go from oceanography to meteorology In my third year I took the oceanography option at the École Centrale Paris At the same time I was preparing for a master s degree in oceanography meteorology and environmental studies at the University of Paris VI After completing a PhD followed by a postdoc partly in the United States at the University of Washington I was recruited as a researcher at the CNRS National Centre of Scientific Research Running in parallel to my activity as a researcher where I currently work on an international project studying the climate of the Mediterranean I got involved in popular science projects aimed at schools So I m also in charge of writing a big piece for a popular audience on the mistral which I ve studied for a long time How mathematics comes into play in his job Upstream from forecasting the researcher in dynamic meteorology studies atmospheric phenomena The goal is to model these phenomena in order to improve meteorological forecasting Both in the field and in the laboratory I study atmospheric phenomena These phenomena are brought about by the circulation of air in the atmosphere especially under the influence of solar radiation and the landscape My goal is to improve the models that represent how they function to this day certain mechanisms are still only partially understood and others remain completely unknown In the field I perform series of measurements with advanced technological tools for example with laser sensors or radar Once this data has been analysed I obtain images that represent the phenomenon in its full complexity based on that imaging I am able to identify unexpected occurrences that bear witness to mechanisms I still don t understand At the lab I represent the phenomenon with a model if the model translates the phenomenon correctly I can identify the mechanisms responsible for these unexpected occurrences If the model doesn t reproduce the phenomenon as it occurred in reality I try to discover the missing mechanisms In other words I try to figure out what additional physical phenomena or equations need to be factored into the model My research contributes to advances in the field of climate studies It also makes it possible to improve the accuracy of the models used for mathematical forecasting by research labs and Météo France the French National Meteorological Service In producing models for meteorological forecasting the atmosphere is divided into little boxes whose scale can represent ten to a hundred square kilometres the model can simulate only phenomena larger than these boxes And yet numerous atmospheric mechanisms such as cloud formation fog storms tornadoes and so on take place at a smaller scale than that of these boxes Since the model can t predict what s going on inside the boxes we have to add information in the form of the simplest possible mathematical equations because even the calculating power of computers has its limits What are the qualifications Bac 8 PhD after a research master s degree oriented towards mathematical modelling and scientific calculation or oceanography and meteorology Translation David Kramer Example11 Stéphanie Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom STÉPHANIE 28 years old Clientele Analyst Product Direction Direction of Studies and Clientele Research for Renault Group How she became a mathematician After a DEUG General Academic Studies Degree in MIAS Mathematics and Computer Science Applied to the Sciences and then a licence in mathematics I received a master s in mathematical engineering at Le Mans Pure maths seemed too abstract to me I continued on to do a postgraduate diploma at Rennes in applied mathematics in the statistics and stochastics stream I had gotten to like statistics thanks to an important portion of my master s program Since I m passionate about automobiles I applied to French auto manufacturers for the internship portion of my diploma I was lucky enough to get an internship with Renault For six months I worked on a questionnaire sent to purchasers of new vehicles At the end of my internship when a position opened up with the team I was hired with a contract of indeterminate duration How mathematics comes into play in her job Using surveys and questionnaires the clientele analyst seeks to understand the behaviour and needs of clients in order to develop cars that will seduce them Upstream from the development of new vehicles I perform statistical analysis in order to know but also anticipate clients expectations On the one hand I conduct studies of market positioning and customer satisfaction which attempt to identify different clientele profiles and their motivations for purchasing vehicles as well as their needs and behaviour patterns On the other hand I perform analyses which have the goal of determining the major client groups for each market In general terms surveys rely on polling techniques to obtain the most representative samples Then using a variety of sorting methods we complete studies on market positioning the place of the brand and its models as compared to the competition and customer satisfaction positives and negatives selection criteria From a statistical point of view these are pretty basic concepts The challenge comes in formulating graphical representations of these results in order to visualise them and extract the most pertinent information When it comes to market analysis I have recourse to sorting methods if I have to obtain a battery of indicators on the profile of clients from a given market segment thus I look at sex age geographic region socioprofessional category whether it is their first or second car what makes them hesitate In order to draw up groups of clients I use more sophisticated techniques of data analysis or multidimensional analysis I also very frequently make use of regressions since many variables are intercorrelated What are the qualifications Bac 5 master s of mathematics with a focus on statistics diploma from the ENSAI or ISUP Translation David Kramer Example12 Sophie Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom SOPHIE 24 years old Head of Quality and Security Mail Processing Centre Nantes Post Office How she became a mathematician After high school I studied for a DUT university diploma in technology in STID statistics and decisional computing at the institute of technology in Vannes There I completed my training with a professional diploma in marketing In the Paris region I started out with a four month internship at an insurance company GAN Patrimoine This internship turned into a four month CDD limited term contract I worked on databases defining which clientele profiles corresponded to which different financial products Then I was recruited by the postal service as the head of quality of service analysis at Courrier International my task consisted in dealing with measurements derived from multidimensional data for example calculating delays in mail delivery as a function of country of origin After three years I became frustrated with the fact that I was providing figures many figures but I didn t know what this mass of quantitative data was being used for When the position I currently hold came open and because it corresponded exactly to what I was looking for I applied and was accepted How mathematics comes into play in her job Analysing information to improve mail processing and overseeing the implementation of security measures such is the twofold task of the head of quality and security Relying on statistical analysis the main part of my job about 75 is devoted to improving the quality of mail processing for the whole Loire Atlantique region Using identifiers that each post office puts online on our intranet to mark sorting errors I draw up a monthly account of the malfunctions introduced by the sorting centres I also have at my disposal a second source of information in the form of studies carried out at the national level by panels Analysing these two types of data lets me construct a monthly table of the causes of lapses in quality This table is then presented to a committee composed of everyone who has the power to take action to address the problems that have been identified Keeping an eye on our ISO 9001 certification is the second major aspect of the quality control portion of my job For several years the Nantes office has earned this certificate of quality And so it s important to keep our business in line with this certification This involves multiple tasks notably keeping our documents up to date and spelling out our mail sorting procedures which are currently 85 automated explicitly on paper Ensuring the security of our personnel and facilities takes up the second block of my time about 25 This consists in making sure that our sorting agents apply our security instructions and being responsible for building security for instance by preparing plans for evacuation in the event of an accident What are the qualifications Bac 3 Professional diploma in economics and management or science and technology or decisional statistics in marketing Translation David Kramer Example13 Céline Ayrıntılar Kategori profession zoom CÉLINE 30 years old Engineer Statistician Technical Union for the Automobile Motorcycle Industries UTAC How she became a mathematician After receiving my scientific diploma from high school I did a DEUG MIAS general academic studies degree in applied maths and computer science Then I decided to pursue a master s degree in mathematical engineering I completed my training with a master of advanced studies in statistical engineering When I started out I wanted to become a professor of mathematics I did some private tutoring during my studies but I finally abandoned this plan I discovered probability and statistics through a unit required for my degree My position at

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    Gauß Carl Friedrich Gauß Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler Nikolaus Kopernikus Nikolaus Kopernikus Nikolaus Kopernikus Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Albertus Magnus Albertus Magnus Isaac Newton Adam Riese Adam Riese Adam Schall von Bell Johann Christoph Schuster International Congress of Mathematicians 1998 Berlin Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 200 th anniversary of the date of birth of the mathematician Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel 1784 1846 On the left one sees the graphs of two of Bessel s functions of the first kind J 0 and J 1 Albrecht Dürer This stamp with a portrait of Albrecht Dürer is part of the set Famous Germans that was issued in the German Reich in 1926 Albrecht Dürer This stamp with a portrait of Albrecht Dürer is part of the set Important Germans which was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany from 1961 up to 1964 Albrecht Dürer This stamp with the sign of Albrecht Dürer was issued at the occasion of the 500 th anniversary of the painter in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1971 Albrecht Dürer This stamp is part of the series of stamps called Deutsche Malerei German painting It shows the painting Selbstbildnis im Pelzrock self portrait in a fur coat by Albrecht Dürer and was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany in 2006 Carl Friedrich Gauß This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 100 th anniversary of the death of the mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauß 1777 1855 Carl Friedrich Gauß This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 200 th anniversary of the birth of the mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauß 1777 1855 Carl Friedrich Gauß This stamp was issued in the German Democratic Republic at the occasion of the 200 th anniversary of the birth of the mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauß 1777 1855 The graphics on the right hand side remembers to one of the achievements of C F Gauß the construction the regular polygon with 17 angles exclusively with compass and ruler Carl Friedrich Gauß Indirectly Carl Friedrich Gauß is honoured by these stamps that have been issuedat the occasion of the 100 th anniverary of the first German expedition to the antarctic area The left stamp shows the research ship GAUSS that was used by Erich Dagobert von Drygalski for that task Johannes Kepler This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germanyat the occasion of the 400 th anniversary of the birth of the astronomer Johannes Kepler 1571 1630 Johannes Kepler This stamp with a portrait of Johannes Kepler is part of the set Important persons which was issued in the German Democratic Republic in 1971 Johannes Kepler This stamp presenting the solar system visualizes the first and second so called Kepler s laws The orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun staying in one of its focal points The junction line from a planet to the sun covers areas of same size during time intervals of equal length It was issued at the occasion of the 400 th anniversary of the publication of Kepler s work Astronomia nova by the Deutsche Post German Mail Service in 2009 For the same reason a 10 Euro commemorative coin was issued as well Nikolaus Kopernikus This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germanyat the occasion of the 500 th anniversary of the birth of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus At the right hand side a heliocentric model together with the signs of the zodiac are presented It remains unclear why the orbit of the Earth possesses two planets and other orbits are unoccupied Nikolaus Kopernikus This stamp was issued in the German Democratic Republic at the occasion of the 500 th anniversary of the birth of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus On the left hand side of the portrait the page following the frontispiece of the book DE REVOLUTIONIBUS ORBIUM COELESTIUM is shown On the right the page with the heliocentric model is reproduced from the same work Nikolaus Kopernikus This stamp was issued in Germany as a member of a set in 1991 It doesn t honour Nicolaus Copernicus himself but it shows the telecommunication satellite named after him Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This stamp with a portrait of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is part of the set Famous Germans that was issued in the German Reich in 1926 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This stamp with a portrait of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is part of the set 250 years Berlin Academy of Sciences that was issued in the German Democratic Republic in 1950 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 250 th anniversary of the death of the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 1646 1716 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This stamp with a portrait of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is part of the set Europe Important persons that was issued in the German Federal Republic in 1980 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 350 th anniversary of the birth of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 1646 1716 mathematician and philosopher Albertus Magnus This stamp with a portrait of Albertus Magnus is part of the set Important Germans that was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany from 1961 up to 1964 Albertus Magnus This stamp with a portrait of Albertus Magnus is part of the set Europe Important persons that was issued in the German Federal Republic in 1980 Isaac Newton This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 350 th anniversary of the of the English mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton 1643 1727 Adam Riese This stamp was issued in the Federal Republic of Germany at the occasion of the 400 th anniversary of the death of the

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    of Aristotle Its nominal value is 5 Drachmas Democritos of Abdera The coin was part of the usual circulating money in Greece before the Euro was introduced It shows a portrait of Democritos Its nominal value is 10 Drachmas Democritos of Abdera The coin was issued in Greece five years before the Euro was introduced It shows a portrait of Democritos and an incomplete model of an atom Both are similar to these on the 100 Drachmas banknote cf also the stamp The nominal value of this coin is 10 Euros Democritos of Abdera The 100 Drachmas banknote of an earlier series of the Greek National Bank shows a portrait of the philosopher Democritus of Abdera Besides there appears a model of an atom The concept of the atom the undivisible was first formulated by Democritus On the reverse side of the banknote a picture of the academy of Athens is shown JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Italy Ayrıntılar Kategori Currencies Coins Galileo Galilei Banknotes Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei The reverse side of this coin shows a portrait of Galileo Galilei as well as some important buildings from the city of Pisa The portrait as well as the choice of the buildings are identically with those of the Italian Banknote The coin was issued in Italy in 1997 Its nominal value is 10 Euro EUR Galileo Galilei The 2000 Lire banknote of an earlier series of the Italian National Bank shows a portrait of the mathematician Galileo Galilei Moreover the cathedral and the slanted tower of Pisa can be recognized G Galilei was born in this town in 1564 The back side of the banknote shows on the left side a celestrial chart representing partially the figures associated with the star constellations Moreover the signs of the zodiac and their names in Latin are presented The planets known at that time are sketched too Jupiter is given with seven satellites The discovery of the four biggest of them is atributed to G Galilei Consequently they are called the Galilean moons The back side contains also a picture of a modern observatory with a radio telescope and a telescope which may have been used by G Galilei JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Netherlands Ayrıntılar Kategori Currencies Coins Niels Henrik Abel Christiaan Huygens Banknotes Christiaan Huygens Niels Henrik Abel At the occasion of the 200th anniversary of N H Abel s birth a 20 Kroner coin has been issued On its back it shows the dates of Abel s life but also a sketch of the lemniscate can be seen on the left Christiaan Huygens This coin was issued 1989 in the Netherlands and shows the mathematician astronomer and physicist Christiaan Huygens as well as his father Constantijn a wellkown poet The nominal value of this coin is 25 Ecus Christiaan Huygens The 25 Gulden banknote from the Netherlands shows a portrait of Christiaan Huygens Around the portrait one may recognize three planets While Saturn can clearly be identified one may guess that Jupiter and Venus are also shown The relation to the planet Saturn is given by C Huygens discovery of its moon Titan Some sources associate the discovery of the pole flattening of Jupiter to C Huygens and some also mention that he guessed that the planet Venus is enveloped by clouds The back of the banknote is neither related to Christiaan Huygens nor to mathematics That s the reason why it is not presented here JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Norway Ayrıntılar Kategori Currencies Niels Henrik Abel Niels Henrik Abel Niels Henrik Abel The coin was issued in the Kingdom of Norway at the occasion of the 200 th anniversary of the birth of the mathematician Niels Henrik Abel 1802 1829 Its nominal value is 20 KR NOK The reverse face of the coin shown on the left shows elements of some sketches of N Abel On the left side a curve called Lemniscate is shown Niels Henrik Abel The banknote of the Bank of Norway Norges Bank with a portrait of the mathematician Niels Henrik Abel has is no longer available since 2002 The above presentation is originally that from the homepage of the Bank of Norway This especially means that the rights on the graphics on this page still remain at the Bank of Norway JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Ireland Ayrıntılar Kategori Currencies William Rowan Hamilton This coin was issued by the Central Bank of Ireland at the occasion of the 200 th anniversary of the birth of the mathematician William Rowan Hamilton 1805 1865 The nominal value of this coin is 10 Euros JavaScript is currently disabled Please enable it for a better experience of Jumi Austria Ayrıntılar Kategori Currencies Galileo Galilei Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei Since 2003 the Austrian National Bank issues 25 Euro coins with a niobium kernel with different colours The bimetallic coin issued in 2009 was thematically dedicated to the International Year of Astronomy The back of the coin is dominated by a portrait of G Galilei The remainder of the central part shows partially one of his drawings of the moon On the right the observatory of the monastery Kremsmünster is shown surrounded by several optical instruments and some planetary objects The other side provides a map of the far side of the moon as well on the margin the sun and partially the Earth Johannes Kepler This coin was issued by the Austrian National Bank in 2002 This coins is the second member of the series Austria and his people Castles in Austria and is dedicated to the Eggenberg Castle near the city of Graz This castle was built by Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg who was also acquainted with Johannes Kepler On the reverse side Johannes Kepler is shown With the help of the model standing

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  • Mathematics In Europe - Anasayfa
    Anasayfa Anasayfa Haberler Bilgiler Halka ulaşma faaliyetleri Yarışmalar Matematik Yardım Meslek olarak matematik Karışık Misyon Hoşgeldin Mesajları EMS Destekçiler Diller Iletişim Yasal Bilgi arama The European Mathematical Society Our Sponsor Munich RE Medals Ayrıntılar Kategori Medals Mathematicians and mathematical themes can occasionally be found on medals In contrast to coins these possess no denominational value and are not used as currency Pictures and brief descriptions of such medals are arranged

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